Association of interleukin4 gene polymorphisms of recipients and donors with acute rejection following living donor liver transplantation

Hideya Kamei, Satohiro Masuda, Masatoshi Ishigami, Taro Nakamura, Yasuhiro Fujimoto, Yasutsugu Takada, Nobuyuki Hamajima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Little is known as to whether the interleukin4 (IL4) gene polymorphisms in recipients or donors affect the incidence of acute cellular rejection (ACR) following living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Therefore, we determined the effect of IL4 T-33C polymorphisms in recipients and donors on ACR in a large cohort of patients that underwent LDLT. Methods: We examined 155 LDLT cases treated at Nagoya University or Kyoto University, Japan, between 2004 and 2009. IL4 T-33C polymorphisms were analyzed in recipients and donors. Results: Forty-seven recipients (30.3%) developed early ACR. The genotype frequency of IL4 T-33C in the recipients was associated with ACR incidence (P = 0.008, P < 0.0125 considered significant). Patients with the IL4-33C carrier genotype (C/C or C/T) were significantly associated with a higher incidence of ACR relative to those with the T/T genotype (OR = 3.27, 95% CI: 1.56-6.88, P = 0.002). The genotype frequencies of IL4 T-33C in the donors were not associated with rejection incidence. In addition, there was no significant effect of IL4 T-33C genotype combinations on ACR incidence in donors and recipients. Conclusions: Genotyping of IL4 T-33C in recipients might be useful to stratify the liver transplant recipients according to their risk of ACR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-185
Number of pages7
JournalClinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2016

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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