Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) belongs to the interleukin (IL-)6 family of cytokines that share membrane glycoprotein 130 (gp130) as a receptor component critical for signal transduction. We here observed that CT-1 was expressed in mouse fetal neuroepithelial cells, and was capable of inducing astrocyte differentiation from these cells in a synergistic manner with bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2, whose expression was also found in the fetal brain. CT-1-induced astrocyte differentiation was solely gp130-dependent. CT-1-stimulation led to promoter activation of the gene for an astrocyte marker, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), which was clearly inhibited by expression of a dominant negative form of a gp130-downstream transcription factor, signal transducer and activator of transcription 3(STAT3), or by introduction of a mutation in a single STAT3-binding site in the promoter, suggesting a critical role of STAT3 in the CT-1-induced GFAP transcription. These results suggest that astrocyte differentiation in the developing brain involves CT-1-signaling which cooperates with BMP2.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Molecular Biology