Automated development of the contrast–detail curve based on statistical low-contrast detectability in CT images

Choirul Anam, Ariij Naufal, Toshioh Fujibuchi, Kosuke Matsubara, Geoff Dougherty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: We have developed a software to automatically find the contrast–detail (C–D) curve based on the statistical low-contrast detectability (LCD) in images of computed tomography (CT) phantoms at multiple cell sizes and to generate minimum detectable contrast (MDC) characteristics. Methods: A simple graphical user interface was developed to set the initial parameters needed to create multiple grid region of interest of various cell sizes with a 2-pixel increment. For each cell in the grid, the average CT number was calculated to obtain the standard deviation (SD). Detectability was then calculated by multiplying the SD of the mean CT numbers by 3.29. This process was automatically repeated as many times as the cell size was set at initialization. Based on the obtained LCD, the C–D curve was obtained and the target size at an MDC of 0.6% (i.e., 6-HU difference) was determined. We subsequently investigated the consistency of the target sizes for a 0.6% MDC at four locations within the homogeneous image. We applied the software to images with six noise levels, images of two modules of the American College of Radiology CT phantom, images of four different phantoms, and images of four different CT scanners. We compared the target sizes at a 0.6% MDC based on the statistical LCD and the results from a human observer. Results: The developed system was able to measure C–D curves from different phantoms and scanners. We found that the C–D curves follow a power-law fit. We found that higher noise levels resulted in a higher MDC for a target of the same size. The low-contrast module image had a slightly higher MDC than the distance module image. The minimum size of an object detected by visual observation was slightly larger than the size using statistical LCD. Conclusions: The statistical LCD measurement method can generate a C–D curve automatically, quickly, and objectively.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation
  • Instrumentation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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