We report two cases of Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive acute leukemia with definite myeloid markers. Ph was the sole chromosomal abnormality at presentation, and neither eosinophilia, basophilia, thrombocytosis nor hepatosplenomegaly was present. In both cases, Ph+ myeloblasts showed positive stain for myeloperoxidase and naphthol ASD chloroacetate esterase, which fulfilled the FAB criteria of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). Ph+ myeloblasts co-expressed myeloid and B-lymphoid antigens (CD10, CD13, CD19 and CD33). In case 1, myeloblasts rearranged M-BCR, and the expression of M-BCR/ABL chimeric RNA was demonstrated by using the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). They also clonally rearranged IGH. Ph clone disappeared on cytogenetic analysis in remission, and granulocytes in remission did not have rearranged M-BCR. In case 2, morphocytochemically distinct myeloid and lymphoid blast populations were seen. Myeloblasts and lymphoblasts were enriched >96% as CD19-/CD33+ and CD19+/CD33- populations, respectively. Both of them possessed the identical rearrangement of IGH and M-BCR, indicating a common leukemic progenitor cell origin. Furthermore, m-BCR/ABL was detected in addition to M-BCR/ABL on RT-PCR. Accordingly, both cases were diagnosed as de novo Ph+ acute leukemia rather than as chronic myelogenous leukemia in blastic crisis. Their mixed B-lymphoid/myeloid characteristics strongly suggest that so-called 'Ph+ AML' is derived from Ph+ myeloid/B-lymphoid stem cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research