B7-DC is a costimulatory molecule belonging to the B7 family. We previously found that treatment with anti-B7-DC mAb during the effector phase enhances asthma phenotypes in mice. We investigated the mechanisms of B7-DC induction and how B7-DC regulates asthma phenotypes. In allergen-challenged IFN-γ-deficient mice, anti-B7-DC mAb failed to enhance the asthma phenotypes although the induction of B7-DC on dendritic cells of the mice was comparable with that on dendritic cells of wild-type mice. B7-DC on dendritic cells was up-regulated by IL-13 in vitro. The induction of B7-DC on dendritic cells after allergen challenge was attenuated by blockade of IL-13 in vivo. The asthma phenotypes were enhanced in B7-DC-deficient mice, more than in wild-type mice. The enhancement was concurrent with the down-regulation of IFN-γ and up-regulation of IL-13. These results suggest that B7-DC induced by IL-13 works as a feedback regulator by up-regulating IFN-γ production during the effector phase of allergic asthma.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 4 2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology