In perturbative consideration of the Yang-Mills gradient flow, it is useful to introduce a gauge non-covariant term("gauge-fixing term") to the flow equation that gives rise to a Gaussian damping factor also for gauge degrees of freedom. In the present paper, we consider a modified formof the gauge-fixing termthat manifestly preserves covariance under the background gauge transformation. It is shown that our gauge-fixing term does not affect gauge-invariant quantities as does the conventional gauge-fixing term. The formulation thus allows a background gauge covariant perturbative expansion of the flow equation that provides, in particular, a very efficient computational method of expansion coefficients in the small flow time expansion. The formulation can be generalized to systems containing fermions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)