This paper suggests a new mechanism called 'balancing wedge action', which is based on the hydrodynamic lubrication theory for textured surfaces. While past studies have considered the local wedge film action produced by textured feature, this new mechanism is based on the promotion of a wedge film action between surfaces by the incorporation of a textured feature. The analytical model used in the current study is a one-dimensional centrally pivoted pad bearing having a single dimple on the pad, which considers the equilibrium of the moment applied to the surfaces. Analytical equations are derived for the pressure, shear stress, load, friction, and moment by integrating the Reynolds equation. A series of parametric simulations of the depth, width, and location of a dimple were conducted. The analytical results showed that the incorporation of a single dimple on the pad surface increases the convergence ratio between the surfaces, producing a load capacity and reducing the friction. No negative pressure can be found within the dimple, where a positive pressure with a greater positive gradient causes a higher shear stress than that outside the dimple. The trends for the load and friction in relation to the dimple depth and location are complex. The creation of the dimple closer to the centre results in a failure to obtain an equilibrium solution for the moment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films