With excellent mechanical and physical properties, polyimides (PIs) possess diverse applications in different fields. PI-based materials can also be converted to carbon materials by high temperature carbonization processes. The fabrication and properties of PI-based nanomaterials and corresponding carbon nanomaterials, however, have been less investigated, especially the packing behaviors of the polymer chains. In this work, we study the fabrication and characterization of PI nanostructures using the solution wetting (SW) method and the solvent-annealing-induced nanowetting in templates (SAINT) method. Poly(amic acid) (PAA) tubes are first prepared using anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes. After thermal imidization and carbonization processes, PI and carbon tubes can be obtained, respectively. Bamboo-like structures are also observed in the tubes, which can be attributed to the Marangoni effect induced by the gradient of the surface tensions during the solvent evaporation process. Moreover, the laser Raman micro-spectroscopy results show that the packing behaviors of the polymer chains in the nanostructures prepared by the SAINT method are better than those prepared by the SW method, indicating that the solvent annealing process can improve the chain packing while assisting the infiltration of polymer chains in the nanopores.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry