Background: The high surgical risk in redo cardiac surgery is largely attributed to adhesions around the epicardium and the great vessels. BAX602 is an adhesion prevention reagent composed of two synthetic polyethylene glycols. Spraying BAX602 over the epicardium and the great vessels reportedly contributes to adhesion prevention after pediatric cardiac surgery. The present study aims to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of BAX602 spray in patients undergoing extracorporeal ventricular assist device implantation surgery to treat refractory congestive heart failure. Methods and Design: This investigator-initiated, multicenter, pivotal, two-arm, open-label, randomized trial will include a total of 30 patients. The primary outcome measure is the severity of adhesions, which will be evaluated during re-sternotomy surgery performed 2–12 weeks after the primary extracorporeal ventricular assist device implantation surgery. The adhesion severity will be evaluated at five predefined sites using a four-grade adhesion evaluation score (0 = no adhesion; 1 = filmy and avascular adhesion; 2 = dense/vascular adhesion; 3 = cohesive adhesion). This measure will be summarized in two ways to evaluate the effect of BAX602: (1) the total score of the severity of adhesions at all five sites (ranging from 0 to 15), and (2) the total number of sites with dense/vascular or cohesive adhesions (ranging from 0 to 5). Ethics and Dissemination: The study findings will be disseminated at regional, national, and international conferences and through peer-reviewed scientific journals. Trial Registration: The trial was registered in the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry (UMIN-CTR: UMIN000038998) on 6 January 2020.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Pharmacology (medical)