Ba(Zr0.1Ce0.7Y0.2)O3-δ as an electrolyte for low-temperature solid-oxide fuel cells

Chendong Zuo, Shaowu Zha, Meilin Liu, Masaharu Hatano, Makoto Uchiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

448 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The composition of Ba (Zr0.1Ce0.7Y 0.2)O3-δ (BZCY7) in the barium-zirconium-cerium- yttrium (BZCY), that is used as an electrolyte for low-temperature solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) is presented. SOFCs are very important due to its potential long-term stability and economical competitiveness for many al including residential and automotive. BZCY7 displays the highest ionic conductivity at low temperature, which supports SOFC applications. The chemical stability of BZCY7 in a CO2 containing atmosphere, powder of both compositions were exposed to 2 % CO2 (balanced with H2) at 500 °C for one week. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns indicated that the structures of BZCY7 remained unchanged, implying that BZCY7 is stable at 500 °C in an atmosphere containing 15 % water vapor. BZCY7 also shows the highest ionic conductivity for SOFCs applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3318-3320
Number of pages3
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume18
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 18 2006

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Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Electrolytes
Ionic conductivity
Cerium
Yttrium
Temperature
Chemical stability
Steam
Barium
Chemical analysis
Zirconium
Powders
Water vapor
Diffraction patterns
X ray diffraction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Ba(Zr0.1Ce0.7Y0.2)O3-δ as an electrolyte for low-temperature solid-oxide fuel cells. / Zuo, Chendong; Zha, Shaowu; Liu, Meilin; Hatano, Masaharu; Uchiyama, Makoto.

In: Advanced Materials, Vol. 18, No. 24, 18.12.2006, p. 3318-3320.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zuo, Chendong ; Zha, Shaowu ; Liu, Meilin ; Hatano, Masaharu ; Uchiyama, Makoto. / Ba(Zr0.1Ce0.7Y0.2)O3-δ as an electrolyte for low-temperature solid-oxide fuel cells. In: Advanced Materials. 2006 ; Vol. 18, No. 24. pp. 3318-3320.
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