Behavioral Ecology of Japanese Paper Wasps, Polistes spp. (Hymenoptera: Vespidae): II. Ethogram and Internidal Relationship in P. chinensis antennalis in the Founding Stage

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Abstract

The behavioral catalogue, distribution of time spent in a single act of each behavior type, and matrix of transition between two acts of foundresses of a Japanese paper wasp, Polistes chinensis antennalis Pérez during the founding stage are described. The results are as follows: The observed repertoire size was 34 and the total number of acts was 4656. Most of transitions in the matrix were seen in behavior sequences of which the functional significance is clear, and in relationships between diffuse behavior on nest and other types of behavior and among different diffuse behaviors. The distribution of time spent in a single act was, as a rule, unimodal. The modes were usually less than the means. Foundresses sometimes attacked larvae of other nests of the same species to eat or to give them to their larvae. When the foundress of the attacked nest stayed on her nest, the attacks always failed. The two foundresses (an intruder and the nest owner) were engaged in a ‘spiral flight’, with their flight paths interlocking as in a double helix. As a result of this spiral flight, the intruder always left. Intervals between two consecutive works off nest were longest during the egg substage (when there are only eggs in nest), medium during the pupal substage (with eggs, larvae and pupae in nest), and shortest in the larval substage (with larvae and eggs in nest). Intervals of works off nest tended to be longer after the spiral flight. Time spent in a single trip of flesh collection was shorter than in other cases. The daily change in activity was examined. The distributions of the proportion of time spent in works off nest were unimodal in all substages, of which peaks were seen about noon. In the pupal substage, the time spent in all works off nest was shorter than in the larval substage. The evolutionary stability of the aggressive internidal relationship and dependence of behavioral patterns on this internidal relationship are discussed. Das Ethogramm, der Zeitaufwand für einzelne Verhaltensweisen und die Matrix des Überganges zwischen zwei Handlungen der Nestgründerinnen der japanischen Papierwespe, Polistes chinensis antennalis, werden beschrieben. Das beobachtete Repertoire umfaßte 34 Handlungen, deren Gesamtzahl war 4656. Die meisten der Übergänge in der Matrix wurden in den Sequenzen beobachtet, deren funktionelle Bedeutungen klar sind, und in den Über gängen zwischen diffusem Verhalten am Nest und anderem sowie zwischen verschiedenen diffusen Verhaltensweisen am Nest. Die Verteilungen der Handlungsdauer waren gewöhnlich eingipflig. Die Gipfelwerte waren meistens kleiner als das Mittel. Nestgründerinnen griffen manchmal die Larven anderer Nester ihrer Art an, um sie zu fressen oder um sie an ihre Larven zu verfüttern. Die Nest‐gründerin des angegriffenen Nestes wehrte die Angriffe immer ab, wenn sie zu Hause war. Beide Nestgründerinnen (die Angreiferin und die Eigentümerin) stiegen zum Doppelspiralen‐Flug auf, in dem die Angreiferin immer vertrieben wurde. Die Zeiten zwischen zwei aufeinanderfolgenden Tätigkeiten außerhalb des Nestes waren am längsten, wenn es nur Eier im Nest gab, mittellang, wenn es Eier, Larven und Puppen gab, und am kürzesten, wenn es nur Eier und Larven gab. Dieselben Zeiten wurden länger nach dem Spiralenfliegen, aber die Zeit für Fleischsammeln wurde kürzer. Die Verteilung der Zeitanteile für alle Arbeiten außerhalb des Nestes hatte gegen Mittag einen Höhepunkt. Die Zeit für alle Tätigkeiten war im Puppenstadium kürzer als im Ei‐ und Larvenstadium. 1983 Blackwell Verlag GmbH

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-317
Number of pages15
JournalZeitschrift für Tierpsychologie
Volume63
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1983
Externally publishedYes

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Polistes chinensis
Polistes
Vespidae
behavioral ecology
wasp
nest
Hymenoptera
nests
ecology
flight
egg
larva
matrix
larvae
paper
den

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

@article{c85f4c78fd0c46479ff8f95579676da0,
title = "Behavioral Ecology of Japanese Paper Wasps, Polistes spp. (Hymenoptera: Vespidae): II. Ethogram and Internidal Relationship in P. chinensis antennalis in the Founding Stage",
abstract = "The behavioral catalogue, distribution of time spent in a single act of each behavior type, and matrix of transition between two acts of foundresses of a Japanese paper wasp, Polistes chinensis antennalis P{\'e}rez during the founding stage are described. The results are as follows: The observed repertoire size was 34 and the total number of acts was 4656. Most of transitions in the matrix were seen in behavior sequences of which the functional significance is clear, and in relationships between diffuse behavior on nest and other types of behavior and among different diffuse behaviors. The distribution of time spent in a single act was, as a rule, unimodal. The modes were usually less than the means. Foundresses sometimes attacked larvae of other nests of the same species to eat or to give them to their larvae. When the foundress of the attacked nest stayed on her nest, the attacks always failed. The two foundresses (an intruder and the nest owner) were engaged in a ‘spiral flight’, with their flight paths interlocking as in a double helix. As a result of this spiral flight, the intruder always left. Intervals between two consecutive works off nest were longest during the egg substage (when there are only eggs in nest), medium during the pupal substage (with eggs, larvae and pupae in nest), and shortest in the larval substage (with larvae and eggs in nest). Intervals of works off nest tended to be longer after the spiral flight. Time spent in a single trip of flesh collection was shorter than in other cases. The daily change in activity was examined. The distributions of the proportion of time spent in works off nest were unimodal in all substages, of which peaks were seen about noon. In the pupal substage, the time spent in all works off nest was shorter than in the larval substage. The evolutionary stability of the aggressive internidal relationship and dependence of behavioral patterns on this internidal relationship are discussed. Das Ethogramm, der Zeitaufwand f{\"u}r einzelne Verhaltensweisen und die Matrix des {\"U}berganges zwischen zwei Handlungen der Nestgr{\"u}nderinnen der japanischen Papierwespe, Polistes chinensis antennalis, werden beschrieben. Das beobachtete Repertoire umfa{\ss}te 34 Handlungen, deren Gesamtzahl war 4656. Die meisten der {\"U}berg{\"a}nge in der Matrix wurden in den Sequenzen beobachtet, deren funktionelle Bedeutungen klar sind, und in den {\"U}ber g{\"a}ngen zwischen diffusem Verhalten am Nest und anderem sowie zwischen verschiedenen diffusen Verhaltensweisen am Nest. Die Verteilungen der Handlungsdauer waren gew{\"o}hnlich eingipflig. Die Gipfelwerte waren meistens kleiner als das Mittel. Nestgr{\"u}nderinnen griffen manchmal die Larven anderer Nester ihrer Art an, um sie zu fressen oder um sie an ihre Larven zu verf{\"u}ttern. Die Nest‐gr{\"u}nderin des angegriffenen Nestes wehrte die Angriffe immer ab, wenn sie zu Hause war. Beide Nestgr{\"u}nderinnen (die Angreiferin und die Eigent{\"u}merin) stiegen zum Doppelspiralen‐Flug auf, in dem die Angreiferin immer vertrieben wurde. Die Zeiten zwischen zwei aufeinanderfolgenden T{\"a}tigkeiten au{\ss}erhalb des Nestes waren am l{\"a}ngsten, wenn es nur Eier im Nest gab, mittellang, wenn es Eier, Larven und Puppen gab, und am k{\"u}rzesten, wenn es nur Eier und Larven gab. Dieselben Zeiten wurden l{\"a}nger nach dem Spiralenfliegen, aber die Zeit f{\"u}r Fleischsammeln wurde k{\"u}rzer. Die Verteilung der Zeitanteile f{\"u}r alle Arbeiten au{\ss}erhalb des Nestes hatte gegen Mittag einen H{\"o}hepunkt. Die Zeit f{\"u}r alle T{\"a}tigkeiten war im Puppenstadium k{\"u}rzer als im Ei‐ und Larvenstadium. 1983 Blackwell Verlag GmbH",
author = "Eiiti Kasuya",
year = "1983",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1439-0310.1983.tb00746.x",
language = "English",
volume = "63",
pages = "303--317",
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T1 - Behavioral Ecology of Japanese Paper Wasps, Polistes spp. (Hymenoptera

T2 - Vespidae): II. Ethogram and Internidal Relationship in P. chinensis antennalis in the Founding Stage

AU - Kasuya, Eiiti

PY - 1983/1/1

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N2 - The behavioral catalogue, distribution of time spent in a single act of each behavior type, and matrix of transition between two acts of foundresses of a Japanese paper wasp, Polistes chinensis antennalis Pérez during the founding stage are described. The results are as follows: The observed repertoire size was 34 and the total number of acts was 4656. Most of transitions in the matrix were seen in behavior sequences of which the functional significance is clear, and in relationships between diffuse behavior on nest and other types of behavior and among different diffuse behaviors. The distribution of time spent in a single act was, as a rule, unimodal. The modes were usually less than the means. Foundresses sometimes attacked larvae of other nests of the same species to eat or to give them to their larvae. When the foundress of the attacked nest stayed on her nest, the attacks always failed. The two foundresses (an intruder and the nest owner) were engaged in a ‘spiral flight’, with their flight paths interlocking as in a double helix. As a result of this spiral flight, the intruder always left. Intervals between two consecutive works off nest were longest during the egg substage (when there are only eggs in nest), medium during the pupal substage (with eggs, larvae and pupae in nest), and shortest in the larval substage (with larvae and eggs in nest). Intervals of works off nest tended to be longer after the spiral flight. Time spent in a single trip of flesh collection was shorter than in other cases. The daily change in activity was examined. The distributions of the proportion of time spent in works off nest were unimodal in all substages, of which peaks were seen about noon. In the pupal substage, the time spent in all works off nest was shorter than in the larval substage. The evolutionary stability of the aggressive internidal relationship and dependence of behavioral patterns on this internidal relationship are discussed. Das Ethogramm, der Zeitaufwand für einzelne Verhaltensweisen und die Matrix des Überganges zwischen zwei Handlungen der Nestgründerinnen der japanischen Papierwespe, Polistes chinensis antennalis, werden beschrieben. Das beobachtete Repertoire umfaßte 34 Handlungen, deren Gesamtzahl war 4656. Die meisten der Übergänge in der Matrix wurden in den Sequenzen beobachtet, deren funktionelle Bedeutungen klar sind, und in den Über gängen zwischen diffusem Verhalten am Nest und anderem sowie zwischen verschiedenen diffusen Verhaltensweisen am Nest. Die Verteilungen der Handlungsdauer waren gewöhnlich eingipflig. Die Gipfelwerte waren meistens kleiner als das Mittel. Nestgründerinnen griffen manchmal die Larven anderer Nester ihrer Art an, um sie zu fressen oder um sie an ihre Larven zu verfüttern. Die Nest‐gründerin des angegriffenen Nestes wehrte die Angriffe immer ab, wenn sie zu Hause war. Beide Nestgründerinnen (die Angreiferin und die Eigentümerin) stiegen zum Doppelspiralen‐Flug auf, in dem die Angreiferin immer vertrieben wurde. Die Zeiten zwischen zwei aufeinanderfolgenden Tätigkeiten außerhalb des Nestes waren am längsten, wenn es nur Eier im Nest gab, mittellang, wenn es Eier, Larven und Puppen gab, und am kürzesten, wenn es nur Eier und Larven gab. Dieselben Zeiten wurden länger nach dem Spiralenfliegen, aber die Zeit für Fleischsammeln wurde kürzer. Die Verteilung der Zeitanteile für alle Arbeiten außerhalb des Nestes hatte gegen Mittag einen Höhepunkt. Die Zeit für alle Tätigkeiten war im Puppenstadium kürzer als im Ei‐ und Larvenstadium. 1983 Blackwell Verlag GmbH

AB - The behavioral catalogue, distribution of time spent in a single act of each behavior type, and matrix of transition between two acts of foundresses of a Japanese paper wasp, Polistes chinensis antennalis Pérez during the founding stage are described. The results are as follows: The observed repertoire size was 34 and the total number of acts was 4656. Most of transitions in the matrix were seen in behavior sequences of which the functional significance is clear, and in relationships between diffuse behavior on nest and other types of behavior and among different diffuse behaviors. The distribution of time spent in a single act was, as a rule, unimodal. The modes were usually less than the means. Foundresses sometimes attacked larvae of other nests of the same species to eat or to give them to their larvae. When the foundress of the attacked nest stayed on her nest, the attacks always failed. The two foundresses (an intruder and the nest owner) were engaged in a ‘spiral flight’, with their flight paths interlocking as in a double helix. As a result of this spiral flight, the intruder always left. Intervals between two consecutive works off nest were longest during the egg substage (when there are only eggs in nest), medium during the pupal substage (with eggs, larvae and pupae in nest), and shortest in the larval substage (with larvae and eggs in nest). Intervals of works off nest tended to be longer after the spiral flight. Time spent in a single trip of flesh collection was shorter than in other cases. The daily change in activity was examined. The distributions of the proportion of time spent in works off nest were unimodal in all substages, of which peaks were seen about noon. In the pupal substage, the time spent in all works off nest was shorter than in the larval substage. The evolutionary stability of the aggressive internidal relationship and dependence of behavioral patterns on this internidal relationship are discussed. Das Ethogramm, der Zeitaufwand für einzelne Verhaltensweisen und die Matrix des Überganges zwischen zwei Handlungen der Nestgründerinnen der japanischen Papierwespe, Polistes chinensis antennalis, werden beschrieben. Das beobachtete Repertoire umfaßte 34 Handlungen, deren Gesamtzahl war 4656. Die meisten der Übergänge in der Matrix wurden in den Sequenzen beobachtet, deren funktionelle Bedeutungen klar sind, und in den Über gängen zwischen diffusem Verhalten am Nest und anderem sowie zwischen verschiedenen diffusen Verhaltensweisen am Nest. Die Verteilungen der Handlungsdauer waren gewöhnlich eingipflig. Die Gipfelwerte waren meistens kleiner als das Mittel. Nestgründerinnen griffen manchmal die Larven anderer Nester ihrer Art an, um sie zu fressen oder um sie an ihre Larven zu verfüttern. Die Nest‐gründerin des angegriffenen Nestes wehrte die Angriffe immer ab, wenn sie zu Hause war. Beide Nestgründerinnen (die Angreiferin und die Eigentümerin) stiegen zum Doppelspiralen‐Flug auf, in dem die Angreiferin immer vertrieben wurde. Die Zeiten zwischen zwei aufeinanderfolgenden Tätigkeiten außerhalb des Nestes waren am längsten, wenn es nur Eier im Nest gab, mittellang, wenn es Eier, Larven und Puppen gab, und am kürzesten, wenn es nur Eier und Larven gab. Dieselben Zeiten wurden länger nach dem Spiralenfliegen, aber die Zeit für Fleischsammeln wurde kürzer. Die Verteilung der Zeitanteile für alle Arbeiten außerhalb des Nestes hatte gegen Mittag einen Höhepunkt. Die Zeit für alle Tätigkeiten war im Puppenstadium kürzer als im Ei‐ und Larvenstadium. 1983 Blackwell Verlag GmbH

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