Behavioral regulators in the brain of neonatal chicks

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Domestic chickens are precocial and therefore have relatively well-developed processes at hatch. As a result, neonatal chicks grow well at hatch with no parental care. The regulation of food intake in animals, including domestic birds, is complicated. Just after hatching, neonatal chicks find their food by themselves and they can control their food intake. Recently, prolactin releasing peptide and gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone were confirmed as central orexigenic factors in the neonatal chick. Both peptides have a common structure as RFamide peptides. On the other hand, vasoactive intestinal peptide and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide, both belonging to the glucagon superfamily, were recognized as inhibitory. Broiler chicks have either a greater capability to acclimatize to novel environments, or a blunted hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis compared with layer chicks. These differences are explained by higher melatonin concentrations in the pineal gland and other parts of the brain of broiler chicks since melatonin attenuates the stress response. Stressful behavior in chicks can be attenuated by neurotransmitters or by nutrients such as creatine, phosphatidylserine, L-serine and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate. It is suggested that the regulation of behavior is somewhat specific and can be attenuated by some manipulation in neonatal chicks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-232
Number of pages15
JournalAnimal Science Journal
Volume78
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2007

Fingerprint

Melatonin
Prolactin-Releasing Hormone
chicks
Pituitary Adenylate Cyclase-Activating Polypeptide
brain
Appetite Regulation
Food
Pineal Gland
Creatine
Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide
Phosphatidylserines
Domestic Animals
Brain
Glucagon
Gonadotropins
Serine
Hypothalamus
Birds
Neurotransmitter Agents
Chickens

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Behavioral regulators in the brain of neonatal chicks. / Furuse, Mitsuhiro.

In: Animal Science Journal, Vol. 78, No. 3, 01.06.2007, p. 218-232.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{6b13c6ac9c6f4d1ba0b4223407c8eef4,
title = "Behavioral regulators in the brain of neonatal chicks",
abstract = "Domestic chickens are precocial and therefore have relatively well-developed processes at hatch. As a result, neonatal chicks grow well at hatch with no parental care. The regulation of food intake in animals, including domestic birds, is complicated. Just after hatching, neonatal chicks find their food by themselves and they can control their food intake. Recently, prolactin releasing peptide and gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone were confirmed as central orexigenic factors in the neonatal chick. Both peptides have a common structure as RFamide peptides. On the other hand, vasoactive intestinal peptide and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide, both belonging to the glucagon superfamily, were recognized as inhibitory. Broiler chicks have either a greater capability to acclimatize to novel environments, or a blunted hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis compared with layer chicks. These differences are explained by higher melatonin concentrations in the pineal gland and other parts of the brain of broiler chicks since melatonin attenuates the stress response. Stressful behavior in chicks can be attenuated by neurotransmitters or by nutrients such as creatine, phosphatidylserine, L-serine and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate. It is suggested that the regulation of behavior is somewhat specific and can be attenuated by some manipulation in neonatal chicks.",
author = "Mitsuhiro Furuse",
year = "2007",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1740-0929.2007.00429.x",
language = "English",
volume = "78",
pages = "218--232",
journal = "Animal Science Journal",
issn = "1344-3941",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Behavioral regulators in the brain of neonatal chicks

AU - Furuse, Mitsuhiro

PY - 2007/6/1

Y1 - 2007/6/1

N2 - Domestic chickens are precocial and therefore have relatively well-developed processes at hatch. As a result, neonatal chicks grow well at hatch with no parental care. The regulation of food intake in animals, including domestic birds, is complicated. Just after hatching, neonatal chicks find their food by themselves and they can control their food intake. Recently, prolactin releasing peptide and gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone were confirmed as central orexigenic factors in the neonatal chick. Both peptides have a common structure as RFamide peptides. On the other hand, vasoactive intestinal peptide and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide, both belonging to the glucagon superfamily, were recognized as inhibitory. Broiler chicks have either a greater capability to acclimatize to novel environments, or a blunted hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis compared with layer chicks. These differences are explained by higher melatonin concentrations in the pineal gland and other parts of the brain of broiler chicks since melatonin attenuates the stress response. Stressful behavior in chicks can be attenuated by neurotransmitters or by nutrients such as creatine, phosphatidylserine, L-serine and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate. It is suggested that the regulation of behavior is somewhat specific and can be attenuated by some manipulation in neonatal chicks.

AB - Domestic chickens are precocial and therefore have relatively well-developed processes at hatch. As a result, neonatal chicks grow well at hatch with no parental care. The regulation of food intake in animals, including domestic birds, is complicated. Just after hatching, neonatal chicks find their food by themselves and they can control their food intake. Recently, prolactin releasing peptide and gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone were confirmed as central orexigenic factors in the neonatal chick. Both peptides have a common structure as RFamide peptides. On the other hand, vasoactive intestinal peptide and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide, both belonging to the glucagon superfamily, were recognized as inhibitory. Broiler chicks have either a greater capability to acclimatize to novel environments, or a blunted hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis compared with layer chicks. These differences are explained by higher melatonin concentrations in the pineal gland and other parts of the brain of broiler chicks since melatonin attenuates the stress response. Stressful behavior in chicks can be attenuated by neurotransmitters or by nutrients such as creatine, phosphatidylserine, L-serine and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate. It is suggested that the regulation of behavior is somewhat specific and can be attenuated by some manipulation in neonatal chicks.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34248170711&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34248170711&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1740-0929.2007.00429.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1740-0929.2007.00429.x

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:34248170711

VL - 78

SP - 218

EP - 232

JO - Animal Science Journal

JF - Animal Science Journal

SN - 1344-3941

IS - 3

ER -