Background. Recently, virtual operation planning and navigation systems have been introduced in the field of neurosurgery and orthopedic surgery. We report here the beneficial effects of 3-dimensional (3D) visualization on hepatic venous reconstruction in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) using right lobe graft. Methods. 3D-image reconstruction of the liver was rendered with 3-mm slices of helical computed tomography (CT) data using zioM900 (Zio Software Inc., Tokyo, Japan). To understand the anatomy of the donor's vessels and design an operation plan, a picture of the vessels in and around the liver was reconstructed. Results. The 3D image demonstrated two short hepatic veins next to the inferior right hepatic vein (IRHV) as well as a large IRHV. The 3D image showed a more precise diameter of the right hepatic vein (RHV) and the IRHV and a more accurate distance between the two hepatic veins than did images measured by 2-dimensional CT. This preoperative information allowed the donor surgeon to dissect the inferior vena cava (IVC) and hepatic veins with reduced blood loss because of reduced risk of injury to the blood vessels. The 3D image revealed that both the RHV and the IRHV branched off at the same angle from the cylindrical IVC. Preoperative planning based on this information secured smooth anastomosis. Conclusions. 3D visualization is useful for hepatic venous reconstruction of the recipient as well as for donor surgery in LDLT using right lobe graft.
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