Aim: Possible spleno-hepatic relationships during hepatectomy remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of splenectomy during massive hepatectomy in rats. Methods: Rats were divided into the following two groups: 90% hepatectomy (Hx group), hepatectomy with splenectomy (Hx+Sp group). The following parameters were evaluated; survival rate, biochemical parameters, quantitative RT-PCR for hemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1) and tumor necrosing factor α (TNFα), immunohistochemical staining for HO-1, proliferating cell nuclear antigen labeling index and liver weights. Results: The survival rate after massive hepatectomy significantly improved in Hx+Sp group as well as serum biochemical parameters, compared with Hx group (P < 0.05). HO-1 positive hepatocytes and its mRNA expression significantly increased and TNFα mRNA expression significantly decreased in Hx+Sp group compared with Hx group (P < 0.05). Moreover, liver regeneration was significantly accelerated at 48 and 72 h after hepatectomy in Hx+Sp group. Conclusions: Splenectomy had beneficial effects on massive hepatectomy by ameliorating liver injuries and promoting preferable liver regeneration.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases