BACKGROUND: Withdrawal of optimal medical therapy has been reported to relapse cardiac dysfunction in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) whose cardiac function had improved. However, it is unknown whether beta-blockers can prevent deterioration of cardiac function in those patients. We examined the effect of beta-blockers on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in recovered DCM. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed the clinical personal record of DCM, a national database of the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, between 2003 and 2014. Recovered DCM was defined as a previously documented LVEF <40% and a current LVEF ≥40%. Patients with recovered DCM were divided into 2 groups according to the use of beta-blockers. A one-to-one propensity case-matched analysis was used. The primary outcome was defined as a decrease in LVEF >10% at 2 years of follow-up. Of 5370 eligible patients, 4104 received beta-blockers. Propensity score matching yielded 1087 pairs. Mean age was 61.9 years, and 1619 (74.5%) were men. Mean LVEF was 49.3±8.2%, and median B-type natriuretic peptide was 46.6 (interquartile range, 18.0–118.1) pg/mL. The primary outcome was observed less frequently in the beta-blocker group than in the no-beta-blocker group (19.6% versus 24.0%; odds ratio [OR], 0.77; 95% CI, 0.63– 0.95; P=0.013). Subgroup analysis demonstrated that female patients (women: OR, 0.54; 95% CI, 0.36– 0.81; men: OR, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.69–1.12; P for interaction=0.040) were benefited by beta-blockers. CONCLUSIONS: Beta-blocker use could prevent deterioration of left ventricular systolic function in patients with recovered DCM.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine