Bilayer Formation by Aggregation of Polymeric Amphiphiles

Toyoki Kunitake, M. Nagai, H. Yanagi, K. Takarabe, Naotoshi Nakashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Acrylic monomers possessing dialkyl(doub1e-chain) and singlechain tails were prepared. The tail portions are made of characteristic structures common to the hydrophobic portion of bilayer-forming amphiphiles.They are dialky(Cl2 to C18) chains connected by amide, glyceryl ether or glutamate moieties or single chains with rigid aromatic segments(azObenzene and biphenyl). These monomers were copolymerized by azobisisobutyronirile with hydrophilic monomers such as acrylamide, acrylglycinamide and other charged monomers.Copolymers which contain as much hydrophobic units as possible were dispersed in water by sonication.They formed the bilayer aggregate spontaneously, as confirmed by electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and small-angle laser light scattering.On average, 102 to lo3 polymer molecules aggregate to form huge(molecu1ar weight, 106-108) bilayer aggregates. The bilayer assemblage of the polymeric amphiphiles appears to be inferior to that of the small-molecule counterparts, although introduction of the spacer between the polymer main chain and the side-chain portion improves the bilayer orgainzation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1237-1252
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Macromolecular Science: Part A - Chemistry
Volume21
Issue number8-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1984

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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