Binary organogelators which show light and temperature responsiveness

Masatsugu Ayabe, Takanori Kishida, Norifumi Fujita, Kazuki Sada, Seiji Shinkai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

115 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The gelation ability of 10 alkylammonium (CnH2n + 1 1NH3+ where n = 4-11, 12 and 16) anthracene-9-carboxylates (1n) has been evaluated. In cyclohexane, 14, 15, 16 and 17 only provided precipitates whereas 111, 112 and 116 provided very viscous solutions. In contrast, 18, 19 and 1 10 resulted in gels. The critical gelation concentration of 1 10 was very low (5.0 × 10-4 mol dm-3). SEM observations showed that in the gel phase the morphology changes from straight fibrils to frizzy fibrils with the increase in n, whereas in the sol phase the formation of the sheet-like, two-dimensional aggregate is recognized. When the cyclohexane 110 gel was photoirradiated (λ > 300 nm), the UV-VIS absorption bands assignable to monomeric anthracene were decreased and the gel was changed into the sol. It was confirmed by dark-field optical microscopy that the fibrillar bundles supporting the gel formation gradually disappear with photoirradiation time. When this sol was warmed at 30 °C in the dark, the gel was not regenerated but the precipitation of 1 10, resulted. When this sol was heated once at the bp of cyclohexane and cooled to 15 °C, the solution was changed into the gel again. This finding indicates that the fibrillar structure required for the gel formation is not reconstructed at 30 °C but obtained only when the hot cyclohexane solution is cooled.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2744-2747
Number of pages4
JournalOrganic and Biomolecular Chemistry
Volume1
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 7 2003

Fingerprint

Gels
gels
Light
Temperature
Polymethyl Methacrylate
cyclohexane
temperature
gelation
Gelation
anthracene
carboxylates
bundles
Optical microscopy
Precipitates
Absorption spectra
Microscopy
precipitates
microscopy
absorption spectra
Scanning electron microscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Ayabe, M., Kishida, T., Fujita, N., Sada, K., & Shinkai, S. (2003). Binary organogelators which show light and temperature responsiveness. Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry, 1(15), 2744-2747. https://doi.org/10.1039/b304224c

Binary organogelators which show light and temperature responsiveness. / Ayabe, Masatsugu; Kishida, Takanori; Fujita, Norifumi; Sada, Kazuki; Shinkai, Seiji.

In: Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry, Vol. 1, No. 15, 07.08.2003, p. 2744-2747.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ayabe, M, Kishida, T, Fujita, N, Sada, K & Shinkai, S 2003, 'Binary organogelators which show light and temperature responsiveness', Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry, vol. 1, no. 15, pp. 2744-2747. https://doi.org/10.1039/b304224c
Ayabe, Masatsugu ; Kishida, Takanori ; Fujita, Norifumi ; Sada, Kazuki ; Shinkai, Seiji. / Binary organogelators which show light and temperature responsiveness. In: Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry. 2003 ; Vol. 1, No. 15. pp. 2744-2747.
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