Biochemical failure after radical external beam radiotherapy for prostate cancer

Satoshi Nomoto, Hajime Imada, Fumio Kato, Katsuya Yahara, Tomoaki Morioka, Takayuki Ohguri, Keita Nakano, Yukunori Korogi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate biochemical failures after radical external beam radiotherapy for prostate cancer. Material and Methods: A total of 143 patients with prostate cancer (5 cases in stage A2, 95 in stage B and 43 in stage C; 18 in low risk group, 37 in intermediate risk group, 67 in high risk group and 21 in unknown group) were included in this study. Patients of stage A2 and B underwent external irradiation of 46 Gy to the prostate gland and seminal vesicle and additional 20 Gy to the prostate gland, while patients of stage C underwent external irradiation of 66 Gy to the prostate gland and seminal vesicle including 46 Gy to the pelvis. Neoadjuvant hormonal therapy was done in 66 cases, and long-term hormonal therapy in 75 cases; two cases were treated with radiation therapy alone. Results: The 3-year relapse free survival rates by stage A2, B and C were 100%, 96.7% and 88.1%, respectively. The 3-year relapse free survival rates by low, intermediate and high risk groups were 100%, 92.3% and 89.7%, respectively. Biochemical failure was noted in nine cases during the average observation term of 32.2 months; in this group the median of PSA value was 2.6 ng/ml, the doubling time was 8.6 months, and the term of biochemical failure was 33.2 months. Six of eight cases with biochemical failure were the neoadjuvant hormonal therapy group, but bNED curve showed no significant difference between neoadjuvant and long-term hormonal groups. Conclusion: It is supposed that unnecessary hormonal therapies were performed based on the nonspecific diagnosis of biochemical failure after radical radiotherapy in our group of patients. A precise criterion of biochemical failure after radical radiotherapy for prostate cancer is necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-78
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of JASTRO
Volume17
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Oncology

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    Nomoto, S., Imada, H., Kato, F., Yahara, K., Morioka, T., Ohguri, T., Nakano, K., & Korogi, Y. (2005). Biochemical failure after radical external beam radiotherapy for prostate cancer. Journal of JASTRO, 17(2), 73-78.