Biodiesel production from crude palm oil and evaluation of butanol extraction and fuel properties

E. Crabbe, C. Nolasco-Hipolito, G. Kobayashi, K. Sonomoto, A. Ishizaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

296 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three principal variables, molar ratio of methanol to oil, amount of catalyst, and reaction temperature, affecting the yield of acid-catalyzed production of methyl ester (biodiesel) from crude palm oil were investigated. The biodiesel was then used as an extractant in batch and continuous acetone-butanol-ethanol fermentation, and its fuel properties and that of the biodiesel-ABE product mix extracted from the batch culture analyzed. The optimized variables, 40:1 methanol/oil (mol/mol) with 5% H2S04 (vol/wt) reacted at 95°C for 9 h, gave a maximum ester yield of 97%. Biodiesel preferentially extracted butanol, and enhanced its production in the batch culture from 10 to 12 g l-1. The fuel properties of biodiesel and the biodiesel-ABE mix were comparable to that of No.2 diesel, but their cetane numbers and the boiling points of the 90% fractions were higher. Therefore, they could serve as efficient No. 2 diesel substitutes. The biodiesel - ABE mixture had the highest cetane number.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-71
Number of pages7
JournalProcess Biochemistry
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 26 2001

Fingerprint

Butanols
Palm oil
Biofuels
Petroleum
Biodiesel
Butenes
Antiknock rating
Batch Cell Culture Techniques
Methanol
Esters
Oils
Boiling point
Acetone
palm oil
Fermentation
Ethanol
Catalysts
Temperature
Acids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Cite this

Biodiesel production from crude palm oil and evaluation of butanol extraction and fuel properties. / Crabbe, E.; Nolasco-Hipolito, C.; Kobayashi, G.; Sonomoto, K.; Ishizaki, A.

In: Process Biochemistry, Vol. 37, No. 1, 26.09.2001, p. 65-71.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Crabbe, E, Nolasco-Hipolito, C, Kobayashi, G, Sonomoto, K & Ishizaki, A 2001, 'Biodiesel production from crude palm oil and evaluation of butanol extraction and fuel properties', Process Biochemistry, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 65-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0032-9592(01)00178-9
Crabbe, E. ; Nolasco-Hipolito, C. ; Kobayashi, G. ; Sonomoto, K. ; Ishizaki, A. / Biodiesel production from crude palm oil and evaluation of butanol extraction and fuel properties. In: Process Biochemistry. 2001 ; Vol. 37, No. 1. pp. 65-71.
@article{608f9587621f4f6696f98c92a8dd4b4b,
title = "Biodiesel production from crude palm oil and evaluation of butanol extraction and fuel properties",
abstract = "Three principal variables, molar ratio of methanol to oil, amount of catalyst, and reaction temperature, affecting the yield of acid-catalyzed production of methyl ester (biodiesel) from crude palm oil were investigated. The biodiesel was then used as an extractant in batch and continuous acetone-butanol-ethanol fermentation, and its fuel properties and that of the biodiesel-ABE product mix extracted from the batch culture analyzed. The optimized variables, 40:1 methanol/oil (mol/mol) with 5{\%} H2S04 (vol/wt) reacted at 95°C for 9 h, gave a maximum ester yield of 97{\%}. Biodiesel preferentially extracted butanol, and enhanced its production in the batch culture from 10 to 12 g l-1. The fuel properties of biodiesel and the biodiesel-ABE mix were comparable to that of No.2 diesel, but their cetane numbers and the boiling points of the 90{\%} fractions were higher. Therefore, they could serve as efficient No. 2 diesel substitutes. The biodiesel - ABE mixture had the highest cetane number.",
author = "E. Crabbe and C. Nolasco-Hipolito and G. Kobayashi and K. Sonomoto and A. Ishizaki",
year = "2001",
month = "9",
day = "26",
doi = "10.1016/S0032-9592(01)00178-9",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "65--71",
journal = "Process Biochemistry",
issn = "0032-9592",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biodiesel production from crude palm oil and evaluation of butanol extraction and fuel properties

AU - Crabbe, E.

AU - Nolasco-Hipolito, C.

AU - Kobayashi, G.

AU - Sonomoto, K.

AU - Ishizaki, A.

PY - 2001/9/26

Y1 - 2001/9/26

N2 - Three principal variables, molar ratio of methanol to oil, amount of catalyst, and reaction temperature, affecting the yield of acid-catalyzed production of methyl ester (biodiesel) from crude palm oil were investigated. The biodiesel was then used as an extractant in batch and continuous acetone-butanol-ethanol fermentation, and its fuel properties and that of the biodiesel-ABE product mix extracted from the batch culture analyzed. The optimized variables, 40:1 methanol/oil (mol/mol) with 5% H2S04 (vol/wt) reacted at 95°C for 9 h, gave a maximum ester yield of 97%. Biodiesel preferentially extracted butanol, and enhanced its production in the batch culture from 10 to 12 g l-1. The fuel properties of biodiesel and the biodiesel-ABE mix were comparable to that of No.2 diesel, but their cetane numbers and the boiling points of the 90% fractions were higher. Therefore, they could serve as efficient No. 2 diesel substitutes. The biodiesel - ABE mixture had the highest cetane number.

AB - Three principal variables, molar ratio of methanol to oil, amount of catalyst, and reaction temperature, affecting the yield of acid-catalyzed production of methyl ester (biodiesel) from crude palm oil were investigated. The biodiesel was then used as an extractant in batch and continuous acetone-butanol-ethanol fermentation, and its fuel properties and that of the biodiesel-ABE product mix extracted from the batch culture analyzed. The optimized variables, 40:1 methanol/oil (mol/mol) with 5% H2S04 (vol/wt) reacted at 95°C for 9 h, gave a maximum ester yield of 97%. Biodiesel preferentially extracted butanol, and enhanced its production in the batch culture from 10 to 12 g l-1. The fuel properties of biodiesel and the biodiesel-ABE mix were comparable to that of No.2 diesel, but their cetane numbers and the boiling points of the 90% fractions were higher. Therefore, they could serve as efficient No. 2 diesel substitutes. The biodiesel - ABE mixture had the highest cetane number.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034849465&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034849465&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0032-9592(01)00178-9

DO - 10.1016/S0032-9592(01)00178-9

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0034849465

VL - 37

SP - 65

EP - 71

JO - Process Biochemistry

JF - Process Biochemistry

SN - 0032-9592

IS - 1

ER -