Bioelectricity from kitchen and bamboo waste in a microbial fuel cell

M. Azizul Moqsud, Kiyoshi Omine, Noriyuki Yasufuku, Quazi S. Bushra, Masayuki Hyodo, Yukio Nakata

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study evaluated bioelectricity generation by using kitchen garbage (KG) and bamboo waste (BW) as a solid waste management option by a microbial fuel cell (MFC) method. The nutrient content [nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (NPK)] of the by-products of bioelectricity were also analyzed and assessed for their potential use as a soil amendment. A one-chamber MFC was used for bioelectricity generation in laboratory experiments using both KG and BW. A data-logger recorded voltage every 20 mins at a constant room temperature of 25 C over 45 days. The trend of voltage generation was different for the two organic wastes. In the case of KG, the voltage at the initial stage (0-5 days) increased rapidly and then gradually to a peak of 620 mV. In contrast, the voltage increased gradually to a peak of 540 mV in the case of BW. The by-products of bioelectricity can be used as soil conditioner as its NPK content was in the range of soil conditioner mentioned in other literature. Thus, the MFC has emerged as an efficient and eco-friendly solution for organic waste management, especially in developing and technologically less sophisticated countries, and can provide green and safe electricity from organic waste.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-130
Number of pages7
JournalWaste Management and Research
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2014

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Pollution

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