The objective of this study was to clarify the effects of a temporal blockade of IL-6/IL-6 receptor (IL-6R) engagement, using an anti-mouse IL-6R monoclonal antibody (MR16-1), on macrophage activation and the inflammatory response in the acute phase after spinal cord injury (SCI) in mice. MR16-1 antibodies versus isotype control antibodies or saline alone was administered immediately after thoracic SCI in mice. MR16-1-treated group samples showed increased neuronal regeneration and locomotor recovery compared with controls. Immunoblot analysis of the MR16-1-treated samples identified downregulation of Th1 and upregulation of Th2 cytokines. MR16-1 treatment promoted arginase-1-positive, CD206-positive M2 macrophages, with preferential localization of these cells at the injury site and enhanced positivity for Mac-2 and Mac-3, suggestive of increased phagocytic behavior. The results suggest that temporal blockade of IL-6 signaling after SCI abrogates damaging inflammatory activity and promotes functional recovery by promoting the formation of alternatively activated M2 macrophages.
|Title of host publication||Neuroprotection and Regeneration of the Spinal Cord|
|Number of pages||10|
|ISBN (Print)||4431545018, 9784431545019|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1 2014|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes