Blue native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (BN-PAGE) is one of the useful methods to isolate protein complexes including membrane proteins under native conditions. In BN-PAGE, Coomassie Brilliant Blue G-250 binds to proteins and provides a negative charge for the electrophoretic separation without denaturing at neutral pH, allowing the analysis of molecular mass, oligomeric state, and composition of native protein complexes. BN-PAGE is widely applied to the characterization of soluble protein complexes as well as isolation of membrane protein complexes from biological membranes such as the complexes I–V of the mitochondrial respiratory chain and subcomplexes of the mitochondrial protein import machinery. BN-PAGE has also been introduced in the field of peroxisome research, for example, analysis of translocation machinery for peroxisomal matrix proteins embedded in the peroxisomal membrane. Here, we describe a basic protocol of BN-PAGE and its application to the study of peroxisome biogenesis.