Blue organic light-emitting diodes realizing external quantum efficiency over 25% using thermally activated delayed fluorescence emitters

Takuya Miwa, Shosei Kubo, Katsuyuki Shizu, Takeshi Komino, Chihaya Adachi, Hironori Kaji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Improving the performance of blue organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) is needed for full-colour flat-panel displays and solid-state lighting sources. The use of thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) is a promising approach to efficient blue electroluminescence. However, the difficulty of developing efficient blue TADF emitters lies in finding a molecular structure that simultaneously incorporates (i) a small energy difference between the lowest excited singlet state (S1) and the lowest triplet state (T1), ΔE ST, (ii) a large oscillator strength, f, between S1 and the ground state (S0), and (iii) S1 energy sufficiently high for blue emission. In this study, we develop TADF emitters named CCX-I and CCX-II satisfying the above requirements. They show blue photoluminescence and high triplet-to-singlet up-conversion yield. In addition, their transition dipole moments are horizontally oriented, resulting in further increase of their electroluminescence efficiency. Using CCX-II as an emitting dopant, we achieve a blue OLED showing a high external quantum efficiency of 25.9%, which is one of the highest EQEs in blue OLEDs reported previously.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 21 2017

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