Bongkrekic Acid Analogue, Lacking One of the Carboxylic Groups of its Parent Compound, Shows Moderate but pH-insensitive Inhibitory Effects on the Mitochondrial ADP/ATP Carrier

Atsushi Yamamoto, Keisuke Hasui, Hiroshi Matsuo, Katsuhiro Okuda, Masato Abe, Kenji Matsumoto, Kazuki Harada, Yuya Yoshimura, Takenori Yamamoto, Kazuto Ohkura, Mitsuru Shindo, Yasuo Shinohara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bongkrekic acid, isolated from Burkholderia cocovenenans, is known to specifically inhibit the mitochondrial ADP/ATP carrier. However, the manner of its interaction with the carrier remains elusive. In this study, we tested the inhibitory effects of 17 bongkrekic acid analogues, derived from the intermediates obtained during its total synthesis, on the mitochondrial ATP/ATP carrier. Rough screening of these chemicals, performed by measuring their inhibitory effects on the mitochondrial ATP synthesis, revealed that 4 of them, KH-1, KH-7, KH-16, and KH-17, had moderate inhibitory effects. Further characterization of the actions of these 4 analogues on mitochondrial function showed that KH-16 had moderate; KH-1 and KH-17, weak; and KH-7, negligible side effects of both permeabilization of the mitochondrial inner membrane and inhibition of the electron transport, indicating that only KH-7 had a specific inhibitory effect on the mitochondrial ADP/ATP carrier. Although the parental bongkrekic acid showed a strong pH dependency of its action, the inhibitory effect of KH-7 was almost insensitive to the pH of the reaction medium, indicating the importance of the 3 carboxyl groups of bongkrekic acid for its pH-dependent action. A direct inhibitory effect of KH-7 on the mitochondrial ADP/ATP carrier was also clearly demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1304-1322
Number of pages19
JournalChemical Biology and Drug Design
Volume86
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

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