Bony and Cartilaginous Tissues in Lumbosacral Lipomas

Takafumi Shimogawa, Takato Morioka, Nobuya Murakami, Nobutaka Mukae, Kimiaki Hashiguchi, Satoshi O. Suzuki, Koji Iihara

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Abstract

Purpose: It is well known that bony and cartilaginous tissues can be present in lumbosacral lipomas; however, the relationship between their presence and clinical features has not been demonstrated. Methods: Five (10.4%) out of 48 patients had osteochondral tissues in lipomas. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical, neuroradiological, and histological findings of these patients. Results: Five (45.5%) of 11 patients with dorsal and transitional type lipomas had osteochondral tissues, while none with caudal and filar type lipomas had these tissues. Presurgical imaging demonstrated that the osteochondral tissue was located in a large subcutaneous lipoma dorsal to the bifid vertebral column. Histologically, mature bone with hematopoietic marrow and hyaline cartilage were observed in 3 and 2 patients, respectively. Conclusions: The high incidence of association of osteochondral tissues with dorsal and transitional type lipomas is thought to be the result of primary neurulation failure with invasion of mesenchymal tissues. Caudal and filar type lipomas, resulting from secondary neurulation failure, thus did not have osteochondral tissue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-310
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Neurosurgery
Volume53
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Shimogawa, T., Morioka, T., Murakami, N., Mukae, N., Hashiguchi, K., Suzuki, S. O., & Iihara, K. (2018). Bony and Cartilaginous Tissues in Lumbosacral Lipomas. Pediatric Neurosurgery, 53(5), 305-310. https://doi.org/10.1159/000490391