Bose-Einstein correlations of three charged pions in hadronic Z0 decays

K. Ackerstaff, G. Alexander, J. Allison, N. Altekamp, K. J. Anderson, S. Anderson, S. Arcelli, S. Asai, S. F. Ashby, D. Axen, G. Azuelos, A. H. Ball, E. Barberio, R. J. Barlow, R. Bartoldus, J. R. Batley, S. Baumann, J. Bechtluft, T. Behnke, K. W. Bell & 301 others G. Bella, S. Bentvelsen, S. Bethke, S. Betts, O. Biebel, A. Biguzzi, S. D. Bird, V. Blobel, I. J. Bloodworth, M. Bobinski, P. Bock, J. Böhme, M. Boutemeur, S. Braibant, P. Bright-Thomas, R. M. Brown, H. J. Burckhart, C. Burgard, R. Bürgin, P. Capiluppi, R. K. Carnegie, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, C. Y. Chang, D. G. Charlton, D. Chrisman, C. Ciocca, P. E.L. Clarke, E. Clay, I. Cohen, J. E. Conboy, O. C. Cooke, C. Couyoumtzelis, R. L. Coxe, M. Cuffiani, S. Dado, G. M. Dallavalle, R. Davis, S. de Jong, L. A. del Pozo, A. de Roeck, K. Desch, B. Dienes, M. S. Dixit, M. Doucet, J. Dubbert, E. Duchovni, G. Duckeck, I. P. Duerdoth, D. Eatough, P. G. Estabrooks, E. Etzion, H. G. Evans, F. Fabbri, A. Fanfani, M. Fanti, A. A. Faust, F. Fiedler, M. Fierro, H. M. Fischer, I. Fleck, R. Folman, A. Fürtjes, D. I. Futyan, P. Gagnon, J. W. Gary, J. Gascon, S. M. Gascon-Shotkin, C. Geich-Gimbel, T. Geralis, G. Giacomelli, P. Giacomelli, V. Gibson, W. R. Gibson, D. M. Gingrich, D. Glenzinski, J. Goldberg, W. Gorn, C. Grandi, E. Gross, J. Grunhaus, M. Gruwe, G. G. Hanson, M. Hansroul, M. Hapke, C. K. Hargrove, C. Hartmann, M. Hauschild, C. M. Hawkes, R. Hawkings, R. J. Hemingway, M. Herndon, G. Herten, R. D. Heuer, M. D. Hildreth, J. C. Hill, S. J. Hillier, P. R. Hobson, A. Hocker, R. J. Homer, A. K. Honma, D. Horváth, K. R. Hossain, R. Howard, P. Hüntemeyer, P. Igo-Kemenes, D. C. Imrie, K. Ishii, F. R. Jacob, A. Jawahery, H. Jeremie, M. Jimack, A. Joly, C. R. Jones, P. Jovanovic, T. R. Junk, D. Karlen, V. Kartvelishvili, Kiyotomo Kawagoe, T. Kawamoto, P. I. Kayal, R. K. Keeler, R. G. Kellogg, B. W. Kennedy, A. Klier, S. Kluth, T. Kobayashi, M. Kobel, D. S. Koetke, T. P. Kokott, M. Kolrep, S. Komamiya, R. V. Kowalewski, T. Kress, P. Krieger, J. von Krogh, P. Kyberd, G. D. Lafferty, D. Lanske, J. Lauber, S. R. Lautenschlager, I. Lawson, J. G. Layter, D. Lazic, A. M. Lee, E. Lefebvre, D. Lellouch, J. Letts, L. Levinson, R. Liebisch, B. List, C. Littlewood, A. W. Lloyd, S. L. Lloyd, F. K. Loebinger, G. D. Long, M. J. Losty, J. Ludwig, D. Lui, A. Macchiolo, A. Macpherson, M. Mannelli, S. Marcellini, C. Markopoulos, A. J. Martin, J. P. Martin, G. Martinez, T. Mashimo, P. Mattig, W. J. McDonald, J. McKenna, E. A. Mckigney, T. J. McMahon, R. A. McPherson, F. Meijers, S. Menke, F. S. Merritt, H. Mes, J. Meyer, A. Michelini, S. Mihara, G. Mikenberg, D. J. Miller, R. Mir, W. Mohr, A. Montanari, T. Mori, K. Nagai, I. Nakamura, H. A. Neal, B. Nellen, R. Nisius, S. W. O'Neale, F. G. Oakham, F. Odorici, H. O. Ogren, M. J. Oreglia, S. Orito, J. Pálinkás, G. Pásztor, J. R. Pater, G. N. Patrick, J. Patt, R. Perez-Ochoa, S. Petzold, P. Pfeifenschneider, J. E. Pilcher, J. Pinfold, D. E. Plane, P. Poffenberger, B. Poli, J. Polok, M. Przybycień, C. Rembser, H. Rick, S. Robertson, S. A. Robins, N. Rodning, J. M. Roney, K. Roscoe, A. M. Rossi, Y. Rozen, K. Runge, O. Runolfsson, D. R. Rust, K. Sachs, T. Saeki, O. Sahr, W. M. Sang, E. K.G. Sarkisyan, C. Sbarra, A. D. Schaile, O. Schaile, F. Scharf, P. Scharff-Hansen, J. Schieck, B. Schmitt, S. Schmitt, A. Schöning, T. Schorner, M. Schröder, M. Schumacher, C. Schwick, W. G. Scott, R. Seuster, T. G. Shears, B. C. Shen, C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous, P. Sherwood, G. P. Siroli, A. Sittler, A. Skuja, A. M. Smith, G. A. Snow, R. Sobie, S. Söldner-Rembold, M. Sproston, A. Stahl, K. Stephens, J. Steuerer, K. Stoll, D. Strom, R. Ströhmer, R. Tafirout, S. D. Talbot, S. Tanaka, P. Taras, S. Tarem, R. Teuscher, M. Thiergen, M. A. Thomson, E. von Törne, E. Torrence, S. Towers, I. Trigger, Z. Trócsányi, E. Tsur, A. S. Turcot, M. F. Turner-Watson, R. van Kooten, P. Vannerem, M. Verzocchi, P. Vikas, H. Voss, F. Wäckerle, A. Wagner, C. P. Ward, D. R. Ward, P. M. Watkins, A. T. Watson, N. K. Watson, P. S. Wells, N. Wermes, J. S. White, G. W. Wilson, J. A. Wilson, T. R. Wyatt, S. Yamashita, G. Yekutieli, V. Zacek, D. Zer-Zion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bose-Einstein Correlations (BEC) of three identical charged pions were studied in 4 × 106 hadronic Z0 decays recorded with the OPAL detector at LEP. The genuine three-pion correlations, corrected for the Coulomb effect, were separated from the known two-pion correlations by a new subtraction procedure. A significant genuine three-pion BEC enhancement near threshold was observed having an emitter source radius of r3 = 0.580 ± 0.004 (stat.) ± 0.029 (syst.) fm and a strength of λ3 = 0.504 ± 0.010 (stat.) ± 0.041 (syst.). The Coulomb correction was found to increase the λ3 value by ∼ 9% and to reduce r3 by ∼ 6%. The measured λ3 corresponds to a value of 0.707 ± 0.014 (stat.) ± 0.078 (syst.) when one takes into account the three-pion sample purity. A relation between the two-pion and the three-pion source parameters is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-248
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Physical Journal C
Volume5
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1998

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pions
Detectors
decay
subtraction
purity
emitters
radii
thresholds
augmentation
detectors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Ackerstaff, K., Alexander, G., Allison, J., Altekamp, N., Anderson, K. J., Anderson, S., ... Zer-Zion, D. (1998). Bose-Einstein correlations of three charged pions in hadronic Z0 decays. European Physical Journal C, 5(2), 239-248.

Bose-Einstein correlations of three charged pions in hadronic Z0 decays. / Ackerstaff, K.; Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Altekamp, N.; Anderson, K. J.; Anderson, S.; Arcelli, S.; Asai, S.; Ashby, S. F.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Ball, A. H.; Barberio, E.; Barlow, R. J.; Bartoldus, R.; Batley, J. R.; Baumann, S.; Bechtluft, J.; Behnke, T.; Bell, K. W.; Bella, G.; Bentvelsen, S.; Bethke, S.; Betts, S.; Biebel, O.; Biguzzi, A.; Bird, S. D.; Blobel, V.; Bloodworth, I. J.; Bobinski, M.; Bock, P.; Böhme, J.; Boutemeur, M.; Braibant, S.; Bright-Thomas, P.; Brown, R. M.; Burckhart, H. J.; Burgard, C.; Bürgin, R.; Capiluppi, P.; Carnegie, R. K.; Carter, A. A.; Carter, J. R.; Chang, C. Y.; Charlton, D. G.; Chrisman, D.; Ciocca, C.; Clarke, P. E.L.; Clay, E.; Cohen, I.; Conboy, J. E.; Cooke, O. C.; Couyoumtzelis, C.; Coxe, R. L.; Cuffiani, M.; Dado, S.; Dallavalle, G. M.; Davis, R.; de Jong, S.; del Pozo, L. A.; de Roeck, A.; Desch, K.; Dienes, B.; Dixit, M. S.; Doucet, M.; Dubbert, J.; Duchovni, E.; Duckeck, G.; Duerdoth, I. P.; Eatough, D.; Estabrooks, P. G.; Etzion, E.; Evans, H. G.; Fabbri, F.; Fanfani, A.; Fanti, M.; Faust, A. A.; Fiedler, F.; Fierro, M.; Fischer, H. M.; Fleck, I.; Folman, R.; Fürtjes, A.; Futyan, D. I.; Gagnon, P.; Gary, J. W.; Gascon, J.; Gascon-Shotkin, S. M.; Geich-Gimbel, C.; Geralis, T.; Giacomelli, G.; Giacomelli, P.; Gibson, V.; Gibson, W. R.; Gingrich, D. M.; Glenzinski, D.; Goldberg, J.; Gorn, W.; Grandi, C.; Gross, E.; Grunhaus, J.; Gruwe, M.; Hanson, G. G.; Hansroul, M.; Hapke, M.; Hargrove, C. K.; Hartmann, C.; Hauschild, M.; Hawkes, C. M.; Hawkings, R.; Hemingway, R. J.; Herndon, M.; Herten, G.; Heuer, R. D.; Hildreth, M. D.; Hill, J. C.; Hillier, S. J.; Hobson, P. R.; Hocker, A.; Homer, R. J.; Honma, A. K.; Horváth, D.; Hossain, K. R.; Howard, R.; Hüntemeyer, P.; Igo-Kemenes, P.; Imrie, D. C.; Ishii, K.; Jacob, F. R.; Jawahery, A.; Jeremie, H.; Jimack, M.; Joly, A.; Jones, C. R.; Jovanovic, P.; Junk, T. R.; Karlen, D.; Kartvelishvili, V.; Kawagoe, Kiyotomo; Kawamoto, T.; Kayal, P. I.; Keeler, R. K.; Kellogg, R. G.; Kennedy, B. W.; Klier, A.; Kluth, S.; Kobayashi, T.; Kobel, M.; Koetke, D. S.; Kokott, T. P.; Kolrep, M.; Komamiya, S.; Kowalewski, R. V.; Kress, T.; Krieger, P.; von Krogh, J.; Kyberd, P.; Lafferty, G. D.; Lanske, D.; Lauber, J.; Lautenschlager, S. R.; Lawson, I.; Layter, J. G.; Lazic, D.; Lee, A. M.; Lefebvre, E.; Lellouch, D.; Letts, J.; Levinson, L.; Liebisch, R.; List, B.; Littlewood, C.; Lloyd, A. W.; Lloyd, S. L.; Loebinger, F. K.; Long, G. D.; Losty, M. J.; Ludwig, J.; Lui, D.; Macchiolo, A.; Macpherson, A.; Mannelli, M.; Marcellini, S.; Markopoulos, C.; Martin, A. J.; Martin, J. P.; Martinez, G.; Mashimo, T.; Mattig, P.; McDonald, W. J.; McKenna, J.; Mckigney, E. A.; McMahon, T. J.; McPherson, R. A.; Meijers, F.; Menke, S.; Merritt, F. S.; Mes, H.; Meyer, J.; Michelini, A.; Mihara, S.; Mikenberg, G.; Miller, D. J.; Mir, R.; Mohr, W.; Montanari, A.; Mori, T.; Nagai, K.; Nakamura, I.; Neal, H. A.; Nellen, B.; Nisius, R.; O'Neale, S. W.; Oakham, F. G.; Odorici, F.; Ogren, H. O.; Oreglia, M. J.; Orito, S.; Pálinkás, J.; Pásztor, G.; Pater, J. R.; Patrick, G. N.; Patt, J.; Perez-Ochoa, R.; Petzold, S.; Pfeifenschneider, P.; Pilcher, J. E.; Pinfold, J.; Plane, D. E.; Poffenberger, P.; Poli, B.; Polok, J.; Przybycień, M.; Rembser, C.; Rick, H.; Robertson, S.; Robins, S. A.; Rodning, N.; Roney, J. M.; Roscoe, K.; Rossi, A. M.; Rozen, Y.; Runge, K.; Runolfsson, O.; Rust, D. R.; Sachs, K.; Saeki, T.; Sahr, O.; Sang, W. M.; Sarkisyan, E. K.G.; Sbarra, C.; Schaile, A. D.; Schaile, O.; Scharf, F.; Scharff-Hansen, P.; Schieck, J.; Schmitt, B.; Schmitt, S.; Schöning, A.; Schorner, T.; Schröder, M.; Schumacher, M.; Schwick, C.; Scott, W. G.; Seuster, R.; Shears, T. G.; Shen, B. C.; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C. H.; Sherwood, P.; Siroli, G. P.; Sittler, A.; Skuja, A.; Smith, A. M.; Snow, G. A.; Sobie, R.; Söldner-Rembold, S.; Sproston, M.; Stahl, A.; Stephens, K.; Steuerer, J.; Stoll, K.; Strom, D.; Ströhmer, R.; Tafirout, R.; Talbot, S. D.; Tanaka, S.; Taras, P.; Tarem, S.; Teuscher, R.; Thiergen, M.; Thomson, M. A.; von Törne, E.; Torrence, E.; Towers, S.; Trigger, I.; Trócsányi, Z.; Tsur, E.; Turcot, A. S.; Turner-Watson, M. F.; van Kooten, R.; Vannerem, P.; Verzocchi, M.; Vikas, P.; Voss, H.; Wäckerle, F.; Wagner, A.; Ward, C. P.; Ward, D. R.; Watkins, P. M.; Watson, A. T.; Watson, N. K.; Wells, P. S.; Wermes, N.; White, J. S.; Wilson, G. W.; Wilson, J. A.; Wyatt, T. R.; Yamashita, S.; Yekutieli, G.; Zacek, V.; Zer-Zion, D.

In: European Physical Journal C, Vol. 5, No. 2, 01.01.1998, p. 239-248.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ackerstaff, K, Alexander, G, Allison, J, Altekamp, N, Anderson, KJ, Anderson, S, Arcelli, S, Asai, S, Ashby, SF, Axen, D, Azuelos, G, Ball, AH, Barberio, E, Barlow, RJ, Bartoldus, R, Batley, JR, Baumann, S, Bechtluft, J, Behnke, T, Bell, KW, Bella, G, Bentvelsen, S, Bethke, S, Betts, S, Biebel, O, Biguzzi, A, Bird, SD, Blobel, V, Bloodworth, IJ, Bobinski, M, Bock, P, Böhme, J, Boutemeur, M, Braibant, S, Bright-Thomas, P, Brown, RM, Burckhart, HJ, Burgard, C, Bürgin, R, Capiluppi, P, Carnegie, RK, Carter, AA, Carter, JR, Chang, CY, Charlton, DG, Chrisman, D, Ciocca, C, Clarke, PEL, Clay, E, Cohen, I, Conboy, JE, Cooke, OC, Couyoumtzelis, C, Coxe, RL, Cuffiani, M, Dado, S, Dallavalle, GM, Davis, R, de Jong, S, del Pozo, LA, de Roeck, A, Desch, K, Dienes, B, Dixit, MS, Doucet, M, Dubbert, J, Duchovni, E, Duckeck, G, Duerdoth, IP, Eatough, D, Estabrooks, PG, Etzion, E, Evans, HG, Fabbri, F, Fanfani, A, Fanti, M, Faust, AA, Fiedler, F, Fierro, M, Fischer, HM, Fleck, I, Folman, R, Fürtjes, A, Futyan, DI, Gagnon, P, Gary, JW, Gascon, J, Gascon-Shotkin, SM, Geich-Gimbel, C, Geralis, T, Giacomelli, G, Giacomelli, P, Gibson, V, Gibson, WR, Gingrich, DM, Glenzinski, D, Goldberg, J, Gorn, W, Grandi, C, Gross, E, Grunhaus, J, Gruwe, M, Hanson, GG, Hansroul, M, Hapke, M, Hargrove, CK, Hartmann, C, Hauschild, M, Hawkes, CM, Hawkings, R, Hemingway, RJ, Herndon, M, Herten, G, Heuer, RD, Hildreth, MD, Hill, JC, Hillier, SJ, Hobson, PR, Hocker, A, Homer, RJ, Honma, AK, Horváth, D, Hossain, KR, Howard, R, Hüntemeyer, P, Igo-Kemenes, P, Imrie, DC, Ishii, K, Jacob, FR, Jawahery, A, Jeremie, H, Jimack, M, Joly, A, Jones, CR, Jovanovic, P, Junk, TR, Karlen, D, Kartvelishvili, V, Kawagoe, K, Kawamoto, T, Kayal, PI, Keeler, RK, Kellogg, RG, Kennedy, BW, Klier, A, Kluth, S, Kobayashi, T, Kobel, M, Koetke, DS, Kokott, TP, Kolrep, M, Komamiya, S, Kowalewski, RV, Kress, T, Krieger, P, von Krogh, J, Kyberd, P, Lafferty, GD, Lanske, D, Lauber, J, Lautenschlager, SR, Lawson, I, Layter, JG, Lazic, D, Lee, AM, Lefebvre, E, Lellouch, D, Letts, J, Levinson, L, Liebisch, R, List, B, Littlewood, C, Lloyd, AW, Lloyd, SL, Loebinger, FK, Long, GD, Losty, MJ, Ludwig, J, Lui, D, Macchiolo, A, Macpherson, A, Mannelli, M, Marcellini, S, Markopoulos, C, Martin, AJ, Martin, JP, Martinez, G, Mashimo, T, Mattig, P, McDonald, WJ, McKenna, J, Mckigney, EA, McMahon, TJ, McPherson, RA, Meijers, F, Menke, S, Merritt, FS, Mes, H, Meyer, J, Michelini, A, Mihara, S, Mikenberg, G, Miller, DJ, Mir, R, Mohr, W, Montanari, A, Mori, T, Nagai, K, Nakamura, I, Neal, HA, Nellen, B, Nisius, R, O'Neale, SW, Oakham, FG, Odorici, F, Ogren, HO, Oreglia, MJ, Orito, S, Pálinkás, J, Pásztor, G, Pater, JR, Patrick, GN, Patt, J, Perez-Ochoa, R, Petzold, S, Pfeifenschneider, P, Pilcher, JE, Pinfold, J, Plane, DE, Poffenberger, P, Poli, B, Polok, J, Przybycień, M, Rembser, C, Rick, H, Robertson, S, Robins, SA, Rodning, N, Roney, JM, Roscoe, K, Rossi, AM, Rozen, Y, Runge, K, Runolfsson, O, Rust, DR, Sachs, K, Saeki, T, Sahr, O, Sang, WM, Sarkisyan, EKG, Sbarra, C, Schaile, AD, Schaile, O, Scharf, F, Scharff-Hansen, P, Schieck, J, Schmitt, B, Schmitt, S, Schöning, A, Schorner, T, Schröder, M, Schumacher, M, Schwick, C, Scott, WG, Seuster, R, Shears, TG, Shen, BC, Shepherd-Themistocleous, CH, Sherwood, P, Siroli, GP, Sittler, A, Skuja, A, Smith, AM, Snow, GA, Sobie, R, Söldner-Rembold, S, Sproston, M, Stahl, A, Stephens, K, Steuerer, J, Stoll, K, Strom, D, Ströhmer, R, Tafirout, R, Talbot, SD, Tanaka, S, Taras, P, Tarem, S, Teuscher, R, Thiergen, M, Thomson, MA, von Törne, E, Torrence, E, Towers, S, Trigger, I, Trócsányi, Z, Tsur, E, Turcot, AS, Turner-Watson, MF, van Kooten, R, Vannerem, P, Verzocchi, M, Vikas, P, Voss, H, Wäckerle, F, Wagner, A, Ward, CP, Ward, DR, Watkins, PM, Watson, AT, Watson, NK, Wells, PS, Wermes, N, White, JS, Wilson, GW, Wilson, JA, Wyatt, TR, Yamashita, S, Yekutieli, G, Zacek, V & Zer-Zion, D 1998, 'Bose-Einstein correlations of three charged pions in hadronic Z0 decays', European Physical Journal C, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 239-248.
Ackerstaff K, Alexander G, Allison J, Altekamp N, Anderson KJ, Anderson S et al. Bose-Einstein correlations of three charged pions in hadronic Z0 decays. European Physical Journal C. 1998 Jan 1;5(2):239-248.
Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, J. ; Altekamp, N. ; Anderson, K. J. ; Anderson, S. ; Arcelli, S. ; Asai, S. ; Ashby, S. F. ; Axen, D. ; Azuelos, G. ; Ball, A. H. ; Barberio, E. ; Barlow, R. J. ; Bartoldus, R. ; Batley, J. R. ; Baumann, S. ; Bechtluft, J. ; Behnke, T. ; Bell, K. W. ; Bella, G. ; Bentvelsen, S. ; Bethke, S. ; Betts, S. ; Biebel, O. ; Biguzzi, A. ; Bird, S. D. ; Blobel, V. ; Bloodworth, I. J. ; Bobinski, M. ; Bock, P. ; Böhme, J. ; Boutemeur, M. ; Braibant, S. ; Bright-Thomas, P. ; Brown, R. M. ; Burckhart, H. J. ; Burgard, C. ; Bürgin, R. ; Capiluppi, P. ; Carnegie, R. K. ; Carter, A. A. ; Carter, J. R. ; Chang, C. Y. ; Charlton, D. G. ; Chrisman, D. ; Ciocca, C. ; Clarke, P. E.L. ; Clay, E. ; Cohen, I. ; Conboy, J. E. ; Cooke, O. C. ; Couyoumtzelis, C. ; Coxe, R. L. ; Cuffiani, M. ; Dado, S. ; Dallavalle, G. M. ; Davis, R. ; de Jong, S. ; del Pozo, L. A. ; de Roeck, A. ; Desch, K. ; Dienes, B. ; Dixit, M. S. ; Doucet, M. ; Dubbert, J. ; Duchovni, E. ; Duckeck, G. ; Duerdoth, I. P. ; Eatough, D. ; Estabrooks, P. G. ; Etzion, E. ; Evans, H. G. ; Fabbri, F. ; Fanfani, A. ; Fanti, M. ; Faust, A. A. ; Fiedler, F. ; Fierro, M. ; Fischer, H. M. ; Fleck, I. ; Folman, R. ; Fürtjes, A. ; Futyan, D. I. ; Gagnon, P. ; Gary, J. W. ; Gascon, J. ; Gascon-Shotkin, S. M. ; Geich-Gimbel, C. ; Geralis, T. ; Giacomelli, G. ; Giacomelli, P. ; Gibson, V. ; Gibson, W. R. ; Gingrich, D. M. ; Glenzinski, D. ; Goldberg, J. ; Gorn, W. ; Grandi, C. ; Gross, E. ; Grunhaus, J. ; Gruwe, M. ; Hanson, G. G. ; Hansroul, M. ; Hapke, M. ; Hargrove, C. K. ; Hartmann, C. ; Hauschild, M. ; Hawkes, C. M. ; Hawkings, R. ; Hemingway, R. J. ; Herndon, M. ; Herten, G. ; Heuer, R. D. ; Hildreth, M. D. ; Hill, J. C. ; Hillier, S. J. ; Hobson, P. R. ; Hocker, A. ; Homer, R. J. ; Honma, A. K. ; Horváth, D. ; Hossain, K. R. ; Howard, R. ; Hüntemeyer, P. ; Igo-Kemenes, P. ; Imrie, D. C. ; Ishii, K. ; Jacob, F. R. ; Jawahery, A. ; Jeremie, H. ; Jimack, M. ; Joly, A. ; Jones, C. R. ; Jovanovic, P. ; Junk, T. R. ; Karlen, D. ; Kartvelishvili, V. ; Kawagoe, Kiyotomo ; Kawamoto, T. ; Kayal, P. I. ; Keeler, R. K. ; Kellogg, R. G. ; Kennedy, B. W. ; Klier, A. ; Kluth, S. ; Kobayashi, T. ; Kobel, M. ; Koetke, D. S. ; Kokott, T. P. ; Kolrep, M. ; Komamiya, S. ; Kowalewski, R. V. ; Kress, T. ; Krieger, P. ; von Krogh, J. ; Kyberd, P. ; Lafferty, G. D. ; Lanske, D. ; Lauber, J. ; Lautenschlager, S. R. ; Lawson, I. ; Layter, J. G. ; Lazic, D. ; Lee, A. M. ; Lefebvre, E. ; Lellouch, D. ; Letts, J. ; Levinson, L. ; Liebisch, R. ; List, B. ; Littlewood, C. ; Lloyd, A. W. ; Lloyd, S. L. ; Loebinger, F. K. ; Long, G. D. ; Losty, M. J. ; Ludwig, J. ; Lui, D. ; Macchiolo, A. ; Macpherson, A. ; Mannelli, M. ; Marcellini, S. ; Markopoulos, C. ; Martin, A. J. ; Martin, J. P. ; Martinez, G. ; Mashimo, T. ; Mattig, P. ; McDonald, W. J. ; McKenna, J. ; Mckigney, E. A. ; McMahon, T. J. ; McPherson, R. A. ; Meijers, F. ; Menke, S. ; Merritt, F. S. ; Mes, H. ; Meyer, J. ; Michelini, A. ; Mihara, S. ; Mikenberg, G. ; Miller, D. J. ; Mir, R. ; Mohr, W. ; Montanari, A. ; Mori, T. ; Nagai, K. ; Nakamura, I. ; Neal, H. A. ; Nellen, B. ; Nisius, R. ; O'Neale, S. W. ; Oakham, F. G. ; Odorici, F. ; Ogren, H. O. ; Oreglia, M. J. ; Orito, S. ; Pálinkás, J. ; Pásztor, G. ; Pater, J. R. ; Patrick, G. N. ; Patt, J. ; Perez-Ochoa, R. ; Petzold, S. ; Pfeifenschneider, P. ; Pilcher, J. E. ; Pinfold, J. ; Plane, D. E. ; Poffenberger, P. ; Poli, B. ; Polok, J. ; Przybycień, M. ; Rembser, C. ; Rick, H. ; Robertson, S. ; Robins, S. A. ; Rodning, N. ; Roney, J. M. ; Roscoe, K. ; Rossi, A. M. ; Rozen, Y. ; Runge, K. ; Runolfsson, O. ; Rust, D. R. ; Sachs, K. ; Saeki, T. ; Sahr, O. ; Sang, W. M. ; Sarkisyan, E. K.G. ; Sbarra, C. ; Schaile, A. D. ; Schaile, O. ; Scharf, F. ; Scharff-Hansen, P. ; Schieck, J. ; Schmitt, B. ; Schmitt, S. ; Schöning, A. ; Schorner, T. ; Schröder, M. ; Schumacher, M. ; Schwick, C. ; Scott, W. G. ; Seuster, R. ; Shears, T. G. ; Shen, B. C. ; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C. H. ; Sherwood, P. ; Siroli, G. P. ; Sittler, A. ; Skuja, A. ; Smith, A. M. ; Snow, G. A. ; Sobie, R. ; Söldner-Rembold, S. ; Sproston, M. ; Stahl, A. ; Stephens, K. ; Steuerer, J. ; Stoll, K. ; Strom, D. ; Ströhmer, R. ; Tafirout, R. ; Talbot, S. D. ; Tanaka, S. ; Taras, P. ; Tarem, S. ; Teuscher, R. ; Thiergen, M. ; Thomson, M. A. ; von Törne, E. ; Torrence, E. ; Towers, S. ; Trigger, I. ; Trócsányi, Z. ; Tsur, E. ; Turcot, A. S. ; Turner-Watson, M. F. ; van Kooten, R. ; Vannerem, P. ; Verzocchi, M. ; Vikas, P. ; Voss, H. ; Wäckerle, F. ; Wagner, A. ; Ward, C. P. ; Ward, D. R. ; Watkins, P. M. ; Watson, A. T. ; Watson, N. K. ; Wells, P. S. ; Wermes, N. ; White, J. S. ; Wilson, G. W. ; Wilson, J. A. ; Wyatt, T. R. ; Yamashita, S. ; Yekutieli, G. ; Zacek, V. ; Zer-Zion, D. / Bose-Einstein correlations of three charged pions in hadronic Z0 decays. In: European Physical Journal C. 1998 ; Vol. 5, No. 2. pp. 239-248.
@article{758ed84599424d01b36d1b0271868ee3,
title = "Bose-Einstein correlations of three charged pions in hadronic Z0 decays",
abstract = "Bose-Einstein Correlations (BEC) of three identical charged pions were studied in 4 × 106 hadronic Z0 decays recorded with the OPAL detector at LEP. The genuine three-pion correlations, corrected for the Coulomb effect, were separated from the known two-pion correlations by a new subtraction procedure. A significant genuine three-pion BEC enhancement near threshold was observed having an emitter source radius of r3 = 0.580 ± 0.004 (stat.) ± 0.029 (syst.) fm and a strength of λ3 = 0.504 ± 0.010 (stat.) ± 0.041 (syst.). The Coulomb correction was found to increase the λ3 value by ∼ 9{\%} and to reduce r3 by ∼ 6{\%}. The measured λ3 corresponds to a value of 0.707 ± 0.014 (stat.) ± 0.078 (syst.) when one takes into account the three-pion sample purity. A relation between the two-pion and the three-pion source parameters is discussed.",
author = "K. Ackerstaff and G. Alexander and J. Allison and N. Altekamp and Anderson, {K. J.} and S. Anderson and S. Arcelli and S. Asai and Ashby, {S. F.} and D. Axen and G. Azuelos and Ball, {A. H.} and E. Barberio and Barlow, {R. J.} and R. Bartoldus and Batley, {J. R.} and S. Baumann and J. Bechtluft and T. Behnke and Bell, {K. W.} and G. Bella and S. Bentvelsen and S. Bethke and S. Betts and O. Biebel and A. Biguzzi and Bird, {S. D.} and V. Blobel and Bloodworth, {I. J.} and M. Bobinski and P. Bock and J. B{\"o}hme and M. Boutemeur and S. Braibant and P. Bright-Thomas and Brown, {R. M.} and Burckhart, {H. J.} and C. Burgard and R. B{\"u}rgin and P. Capiluppi and Carnegie, {R. K.} and Carter, {A. A.} and Carter, {J. R.} and Chang, {C. Y.} and Charlton, {D. G.} and D. Chrisman and C. Ciocca and Clarke, {P. E.L.} and E. Clay and I. Cohen and Conboy, {J. E.} and Cooke, {O. C.} and C. Couyoumtzelis and Coxe, {R. L.} and M. Cuffiani and S. Dado and Dallavalle, {G. M.} and R. Davis and {de Jong}, S. and {del Pozo}, {L. A.} and {de Roeck}, A. and K. Desch and B. Dienes and Dixit, {M. S.} and M. Doucet and J. Dubbert and E. Duchovni and G. Duckeck and Duerdoth, {I. P.} and D. Eatough and Estabrooks, {P. G.} and E. Etzion and Evans, {H. G.} and F. Fabbri and A. Fanfani and M. Fanti and Faust, {A. A.} and F. Fiedler and M. Fierro and Fischer, {H. M.} and I. Fleck and R. Folman and A. F{\"u}rtjes and Futyan, {D. I.} and P. Gagnon and Gary, {J. W.} and J. Gascon and Gascon-Shotkin, {S. M.} and C. Geich-Gimbel and T. Geralis and G. Giacomelli and P. Giacomelli and V. Gibson and Gibson, {W. R.} and Gingrich, {D. M.} and D. Glenzinski and J. Goldberg and W. Gorn and C. Grandi and E. Gross and J. Grunhaus and M. Gruwe and Hanson, {G. G.} and M. Hansroul and M. Hapke and Hargrove, {C. K.} and C. Hartmann and M. Hauschild and Hawkes, {C. M.} and R. Hawkings and Hemingway, {R. J.} and M. Herndon and G. Herten and Heuer, {R. D.} and Hildreth, {M. D.} and Hill, {J. C.} and Hillier, {S. J.} and Hobson, {P. R.} and A. Hocker and Homer, {R. J.} and Honma, {A. K.} and D. Horv{\'a}th and Hossain, {K. R.} and R. Howard and P. H{\"u}ntemeyer and P. Igo-Kemenes and Imrie, {D. C.} and K. Ishii and Jacob, {F. R.} and A. Jawahery and H. Jeremie and M. Jimack and A. Joly and Jones, {C. R.} and P. Jovanovic and Junk, {T. R.} and D. Karlen and V. Kartvelishvili and Kiyotomo Kawagoe and T. Kawamoto and Kayal, {P. I.} and Keeler, {R. K.} and Kellogg, {R. G.} and Kennedy, {B. W.} and A. Klier and S. Kluth and T. Kobayashi and M. Kobel and Koetke, {D. S.} and Kokott, {T. P.} and M. Kolrep and S. Komamiya and Kowalewski, {R. V.} and T. Kress and P. Krieger and {von Krogh}, J. and P. Kyberd and Lafferty, {G. D.} and D. Lanske and J. Lauber and Lautenschlager, {S. R.} and I. Lawson and Layter, {J. G.} and D. Lazic and Lee, {A. M.} and E. Lefebvre and D. Lellouch and J. Letts and L. Levinson and R. Liebisch and B. List and C. Littlewood and Lloyd, {A. W.} and Lloyd, {S. L.} and Loebinger, {F. K.} and Long, {G. D.} and Losty, {M. J.} and J. Ludwig and D. Lui and A. Macchiolo and A. Macpherson and M. Mannelli and S. Marcellini and C. Markopoulos and Martin, {A. J.} and Martin, {J. P.} and G. Martinez and T. Mashimo and P. Mattig and McDonald, {W. J.} and J. McKenna and Mckigney, {E. A.} and McMahon, {T. J.} and McPherson, {R. A.} and F. Meijers and S. Menke and Merritt, {F. S.} and H. Mes and J. Meyer and A. Michelini and S. Mihara and G. Mikenberg and Miller, {D. J.} and R. Mir and W. Mohr and A. Montanari and T. Mori and K. Nagai and I. Nakamura and Neal, {H. A.} and B. Nellen and R. Nisius and O'Neale, {S. W.} and Oakham, {F. G.} and F. Odorici and Ogren, {H. O.} and Oreglia, {M. J.} and S. Orito and J. P{\'a}link{\'a}s and G. P{\'a}sztor and Pater, {J. R.} and Patrick, {G. N.} and J. Patt and R. Perez-Ochoa and S. Petzold and P. Pfeifenschneider and Pilcher, {J. E.} and J. Pinfold and Plane, {D. E.} and P. Poffenberger and B. Poli and J. Polok and M. Przybycień and C. Rembser and H. Rick and S. Robertson and Robins, {S. A.} and N. Rodning and Roney, {J. M.} and K. Roscoe and Rossi, {A. M.} and Y. Rozen and K. Runge and O. Runolfsson and Rust, {D. R.} and K. Sachs and T. Saeki and O. Sahr and Sang, {W. M.} and Sarkisyan, {E. K.G.} and C. Sbarra and Schaile, {A. D.} and O. Schaile and F. Scharf and P. Scharff-Hansen and J. Schieck and B. Schmitt and S. Schmitt and A. Sch{\"o}ning and T. Schorner and M. Schr{\"o}der and M. Schumacher and C. Schwick and Scott, {W. G.} and R. Seuster and Shears, {T. G.} and Shen, {B. C.} and Shepherd-Themistocleous, {C. H.} and P. Sherwood and Siroli, {G. P.} and A. Sittler and A. Skuja and Smith, {A. M.} and Snow, {G. A.} and R. Sobie and S. S{\"o}ldner-Rembold and M. Sproston and A. Stahl and K. Stephens and J. Steuerer and K. Stoll and D. Strom and R. Str{\"o}hmer and R. Tafirout and Talbot, {S. D.} and S. Tanaka and P. Taras and S. Tarem and R. Teuscher and M. Thiergen and Thomson, {M. A.} and {von T{\"o}rne}, E. and E. Torrence and S. Towers and I. Trigger and Z. Tr{\'o}cs{\'a}nyi and E. Tsur and Turcot, {A. S.} and Turner-Watson, {M. F.} and {van Kooten}, R. and P. Vannerem and M. Verzocchi and P. Vikas and H. Voss and F. W{\"a}ckerle and A. Wagner and Ward, {C. P.} and Ward, {D. R.} and Watkins, {P. M.} and Watson, {A. T.} and Watson, {N. K.} and Wells, {P. S.} and N. Wermes and White, {J. S.} and Wilson, {G. W.} and Wilson, {J. A.} and Wyatt, {T. R.} and S. Yamashita and G. Yekutieli and V. Zacek and D. Zer-Zion",
year = "1998",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
pages = "239--248",
journal = "European Physical Journal C",
issn = "1434-6044",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bose-Einstein correlations of three charged pions in hadronic Z0 decays

AU - Ackerstaff, K.

AU - Alexander, G.

AU - Allison, J.

AU - Altekamp, N.

AU - Anderson, K. J.

AU - Anderson, S.

AU - Arcelli, S.

AU - Asai, S.

AU - Ashby, S. F.

AU - Axen, D.

AU - Azuelos, G.

AU - Ball, A. H.

AU - Barberio, E.

AU - Barlow, R. J.

AU - Bartoldus, R.

AU - Batley, J. R.

AU - Baumann, S.

AU - Bechtluft, J.

AU - Behnke, T.

AU - Bell, K. W.

AU - Bella, G.

AU - Bentvelsen, S.

AU - Bethke, S.

AU - Betts, S.

AU - Biebel, O.

AU - Biguzzi, A.

AU - Bird, S. D.

AU - Blobel, V.

AU - Bloodworth, I. J.

AU - Bobinski, M.

AU - Bock, P.

AU - Böhme, J.

AU - Boutemeur, M.

AU - Braibant, S.

AU - Bright-Thomas, P.

AU - Brown, R. M.

AU - Burckhart, H. J.

AU - Burgard, C.

AU - Bürgin, R.

AU - Capiluppi, P.

AU - Carnegie, R. K.

AU - Carter, A. A.

AU - Carter, J. R.

AU - Chang, C. Y.

AU - Charlton, D. G.

AU - Chrisman, D.

AU - Ciocca, C.

AU - Clarke, P. E.L.

AU - Clay, E.

AU - Cohen, I.

AU - Conboy, J. E.

AU - Cooke, O. C.

AU - Couyoumtzelis, C.

AU - Coxe, R. L.

AU - Cuffiani, M.

AU - Dado, S.

AU - Dallavalle, G. M.

AU - Davis, R.

AU - de Jong, S.

AU - del Pozo, L. A.

AU - de Roeck, A.

AU - Desch, K.

AU - Dienes, B.

AU - Dixit, M. S.

AU - Doucet, M.

AU - Dubbert, J.

AU - Duchovni, E.

AU - Duckeck, G.

AU - Duerdoth, I. P.

AU - Eatough, D.

AU - Estabrooks, P. G.

AU - Etzion, E.

AU - Evans, H. G.

AU - Fabbri, F.

AU - Fanfani, A.

AU - Fanti, M.

AU - Faust, A. A.

AU - Fiedler, F.

AU - Fierro, M.

AU - Fischer, H. M.

AU - Fleck, I.

AU - Folman, R.

AU - Fürtjes, A.

AU - Futyan, D. I.

AU - Gagnon, P.

AU - Gary, J. W.

AU - Gascon, J.

AU - Gascon-Shotkin, S. M.

AU - Geich-Gimbel, C.

AU - Geralis, T.

AU - Giacomelli, G.

AU - Giacomelli, P.

AU - Gibson, V.

AU - Gibson, W. R.

AU - Gingrich, D. M.

AU - Glenzinski, D.

AU - Goldberg, J.

AU - Gorn, W.

AU - Grandi, C.

AU - Gross, E.

AU - Grunhaus, J.

AU - Gruwe, M.

AU - Hanson, G. G.

AU - Hansroul, M.

AU - Hapke, M.

AU - Hargrove, C. K.

AU - Hartmann, C.

AU - Hauschild, M.

AU - Hawkes, C. M.

AU - Hawkings, R.

AU - Hemingway, R. J.

AU - Herndon, M.

AU - Herten, G.

AU - Heuer, R. D.

AU - Hildreth, M. D.

AU - Hill, J. C.

AU - Hillier, S. J.

AU - Hobson, P. R.

AU - Hocker, A.

AU - Homer, R. J.

AU - Honma, A. K.

AU - Horváth, D.

AU - Hossain, K. R.

AU - Howard, R.

AU - Hüntemeyer, P.

AU - Igo-Kemenes, P.

AU - Imrie, D. C.

AU - Ishii, K.

AU - Jacob, F. R.

AU - Jawahery, A.

AU - Jeremie, H.

AU - Jimack, M.

AU - Joly, A.

AU - Jones, C. R.

AU - Jovanovic, P.

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PY - 1998/1/1

Y1 - 1998/1/1

N2 - Bose-Einstein Correlations (BEC) of three identical charged pions were studied in 4 × 106 hadronic Z0 decays recorded with the OPAL detector at LEP. The genuine three-pion correlations, corrected for the Coulomb effect, were separated from the known two-pion correlations by a new subtraction procedure. A significant genuine three-pion BEC enhancement near threshold was observed having an emitter source radius of r3 = 0.580 ± 0.004 (stat.) ± 0.029 (syst.) fm and a strength of λ3 = 0.504 ± 0.010 (stat.) ± 0.041 (syst.). The Coulomb correction was found to increase the λ3 value by ∼ 9% and to reduce r3 by ∼ 6%. The measured λ3 corresponds to a value of 0.707 ± 0.014 (stat.) ± 0.078 (syst.) when one takes into account the three-pion sample purity. A relation between the two-pion and the three-pion source parameters is discussed.

AB - Bose-Einstein Correlations (BEC) of three identical charged pions were studied in 4 × 106 hadronic Z0 decays recorded with the OPAL detector at LEP. The genuine three-pion correlations, corrected for the Coulomb effect, were separated from the known two-pion correlations by a new subtraction procedure. A significant genuine three-pion BEC enhancement near threshold was observed having an emitter source radius of r3 = 0.580 ± 0.004 (stat.) ± 0.029 (syst.) fm and a strength of λ3 = 0.504 ± 0.010 (stat.) ± 0.041 (syst.). The Coulomb correction was found to increase the λ3 value by ∼ 9% and to reduce r3 by ∼ 6%. The measured λ3 corresponds to a value of 0.707 ± 0.014 (stat.) ± 0.078 (syst.) when one takes into account the three-pion sample purity. A relation between the two-pion and the three-pion source parameters is discussed.

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M3 - Article

VL - 5

SP - 239

EP - 248

JO - European Physical Journal C

JF - European Physical Journal C

SN - 1434-6044

IS - 2

ER -