The field of the hydrogen leakage in partially open space can be divided into two main regions according to the importance of the hydrogen concentration distribution and the flow behavior. These two regions are the jet region and the boundary layer region which are adjacent to the ceiling wall of the space, resulting from impinging the hydrogen jet to the wall. The boundary layer region in turn can be divided into two regions, according to the modeling of the flow. These regions are the stagnation-point boundary layer region and the far boundary layer region. Previously, we studied the region of stagnation-point flow (Hiemenz flow) [El-Amin MF, Kanayama H. Boundary layer theory approach to the concentration layer adjacent to a ceiling wall at impinging region of a hydrogen leakage. Int J Hydrogen Energy, in press.]. The current paper is devoted to analyze the far region of the boundary layer adjacent to the ceiling wall using the boundary layer theory. Also, an experiment has been conducted on the hydrogen leakage in partially open space to estimate the concentration distribution vertically at the center of the domain under the ceiling wall. In order to verify the boundary layer theory approach, a comparison between the measurements and the boundary layer theory approximations is investigated and the results showed a good agreement. The wall shear stress, the local friction factor, the friction drag and the non-dimensional drag coefficient of the ceiling wall are calculated. Also, both momentum and concentration boundary layer thicknesses are estimated.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology