BSRs and associated reflections as an indicator of gas hydrate and free gas accumulation: An example of accretionary prism and forearc basin system along the Nankai Trough, off Central Japan

Kei Baba, Yasuhiro Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Multi-channel seismic data obtained from the Nankai accretionary prism and forearc basin system has been studied to elucidate the migration and accumulation process of gas to the BGHS and examine the distribution pattern of BSRs and characteristic reflections associated with them. BSRs are distributed widely in the Nankai accretionary prism and associated forearc basins (33,000 km2) and 90% of them have migration and recycling origins. The widest distribution of the BSRs can be seen at the prism. A correlation between the BSR distributions and prism size shows that the BSRs tend to be more well-developed in a prism of large size. This suggests that a large prism may produce much amount of gas-bearing fluids that migrate to the BGHS and form the BSRs (tectonic control). In the forearc basins, the BSRs are identified at topographic highs, anticlines and basin margins (structural control). The upward migration of gas-bearing fluids is carried out through permeable sand layers and as a result, the distribution of BSRs is confined to alternating beds of sand and mud facies (sedimentary control). However, if there is enough time for upward migration and accumulation of gas to the BGHS, the BSRs can be generated widely in low-permeable mud facies (time control). Those results imply that structural, tectonic, sedimentary and time controls are primary factors to decide the distribution of BSRs in the Nankai Trough area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-24
Number of pages14
JournalResource Geology
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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