A simple method of bunching radioactive ion beam in the millisecond region has been studied using an isotope separator on-line (ISOL). By applying positive and negative potential alternately between the exit hole of a surface ionizer of the ISOL and an electrode set 1 mm apart from it, we have observed clear bunching effects for alkali elements having relatively high ionization efficiencies. The bunching efficiency defined as intensity ratio of the bunched beam to the usual DC beam was found to increase with the increase of repetition rate of the applied alternate potential; for example, at the duty factor of 20%, the bunching efficiencies for 39K, 23Na and 7Li ions were respectively 0.45, 0.25 and 0.23 at 50 Hz, 0.78, 0.32 and 0.27 at 200 Hz and 1, 0.59 and 0.42 at 1 kHz. The in-beam measurement using the 40Ca (3He, αp)38K reaction showed nearly the same magnitude of the bunching effects as in the case of 39K.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics