Business and regulatory responses to artificial intelligence: Dynamic regulation, innovation ecosystems and the strategic management of disruptive technology

Mark Fenwick, Erik P.M. Vermeulen, Marcelo Corrales

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Identifying and then implementing an effective response to disruptive new AI technologies is enormously challenging for any business looking to integrate AI into their operations, as well as regulators looking to leverage AI-related innovation as a mechanism for achieving regional economic growth. These business and regulatory challenges are particularly significant given the broad reach of AI, as well as the multiple uncertainties surrounding such technologies and their future development and effects. This chapter identifies two promising strategies for meeting the “AI challenge,” focusing on the example of Fintech. First, “dynamic regulation,” in the form of regulatory sandboxes and other regulatory approaches that aim to provide a space for responsible AI-related innovation. An empirical study provides preliminary evidence to suggest that jurisdictions that adopt a more “proactive” approach to Fintech regulation can attract greater investment. The second strategy relates to so-called “innovation ecosystems.” It is argued that such ecosystems are most effective when they afford opportunities for creative partnerships between well-established corporations and AI-focused startups and that this aspect of a successful innovation ecosystem is often overlooked in the existing discussion. The chapter suggests that these two strategies are interconnected, in that greater investment is an important element in both fostering and signaling a well-functioning innovation ecosystem and that a well-functioning ecosystem will, in turn, attract more funding. The resulting synergies between these strategies can, therefore, provide a jurisdiction with a competitive edge in becoming a regional hub for AI-related activity.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPerspectives in Law, Business and Innovation
PublisherSpringer
Pages81-103
Number of pages23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

Publication series

NamePerspectives in Law, Business and Innovation
ISSN (Print)2520-1875
ISSN (Electronic)2520-1883

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Law
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

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  • Cite this

    Fenwick, M., Vermeulen, E. P. M., & Corrales, M. (2018). Business and regulatory responses to artificial intelligence: Dynamic regulation, innovation ecosystems and the strategic management of disruptive technology. In Perspectives in Law, Business and Innovation (pp. 81-103). (Perspectives in Law, Business and Innovation). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2874-9_4