Calcineurin broadly regulates the initiation of skeletal muscle-specific gene expression by binding target promoters and facilitating the interaction of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling enzyme

Hanna Witwicka, Jumpei Nogami, Sabriya A. Syed, Kazumitsu Maehara, Teresita Padilla-Benavides, Yasuyuki Ohkawa, Anthony N. Imbalzano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Calcineurin (Cn) is a calcium-activated serine/threonine protein phosphatase that is broadly implicated in diverse cellular processes, including the regulation of gene expression. During skeletal muscle differentiation, Cn activates the nuclear factor of activated T-cell (NFAT) transcription factor but also promotes differentiation by counteracting the negative influences of protein kinase C beta (PKCβ) via dephosphorylation and activation of Brg1, an enzymatic subunit of the mammalian SWI/SNF ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling enzyme. Here we identified four major temporal patterns of Cn-dependent gene expression in differentiating myoblasts and determined that Cn is broadly required for the activation of the myogenic gene expression program. Mechanistically, Cn promotes gene expression through direct binding to myogenic promoter sequences and facilitating the binding of Brg1, other SWI/SNF subunit proteins, and MyoD, a critical lineage determinant for skeletal muscle differentiation. We conclude that the Cn phosphatase directly impacts the expression of myogenic genes by promoting ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling and formation of transcription-competent promoters.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00063-19
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume39
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2019

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Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly
Calcineurin
Skeletal Muscle
Gene Expression
Enzymes
MyoD Protein
Adenosine Triphosphate
Protein Kinase C beta
NFATC Transcription Factors
TCF Transcription Factors
Myoblasts
Phosphoprotein Phosphatases
Protein Subunits
Gene Expression Regulation
Transcription Factors
Calcium

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Calcineurin broadly regulates the initiation of skeletal muscle-specific gene expression by binding target promoters and facilitating the interaction of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling enzyme. / Witwicka, Hanna; Nogami, Jumpei; Syed, Sabriya A.; Maehara, Kazumitsu; Padilla-Benavides, Teresita; Ohkawa, Yasuyuki; Imbalzano, Anthony N.

In: Molecular and cellular biology, Vol. 39, No. 19, e00063-19, 01.10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Syed, Sabriya A.

AU - Maehara, Kazumitsu

AU - Padilla-Benavides, Teresita

AU - Ohkawa, Yasuyuki

AU - Imbalzano, Anthony N.

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