Selective detection of nitric oxide, NO, based on the capacitance change of a mixed-oxide capacitor was investigated. Since the capacitance of an oxide mixture consisting of two kinds of semiconductive oxides depends on the NO concentration, the NO concentration can be estimated from the capacitance of these mixed-oxide capacitors. In particular, the capacitance of the physical mixture of CoO and In2O3 was highly sensitive and selective to NO. Although the sensitivity to NO was decreased, the period for recovery was extremely shortened by increasing the operating temperature. In considering the sensitivity and response characteristics, the optimum operating temperature of CoO-In2O3 seems to exist around 500 K. Whereas the sensitivity to NO diluted with N2 was higher than that in air, the sensitivity to NO was almost independent of the oxygen partial pressure over a wide range. Furthermore, the capacitance of CoO-In2O3 increased with increasing concentration of NO in the range from 1 to 1000 ppm. The sensitivity of CoO-In2O3 to CO2, CO, and SO2 was far smaller than that to NO. Consequently, a mixed oxide of CoO-In2O3 is one of the promising materials for the detection of NO in exhaust gases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry