The capillary condensation between two spherical particles dispersed in the isotropic phase of a nematic liquid crystal was investigated. The interaction energies due to the formation of capillary bridges that reproduce experimental observations were calculated within the Landau-de Gennes theory. The fluctuations in the particle cluster were described by an effective two-state system, close to the critical point of the transition line separating the no-bridge from the bridge configuration. It was found that for the small particles, the transition line vanishes and the shape of interaction potential depends on particle size.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)