Symbiotic microorganisms are universally found in the gut, body cavity, or cells of a wide variety of insects. Some obligate symbionts are of a mutualistic nature and contribute to the fitness of their hosts, whereas other facultative symbionts are rather parasitic and tend to cause negative effects on their hosts (Bourtzis and Miller, 2003, 2006).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)