Carbon nitride as a nonprecious catalyst for electrochemical oxygen reduction

Stephen Matthew Lyth, Yuta Nabae, Shogo Moriya, Shigeki Kuroki, Masa Aki Kakimoto, Jun Ichi Ozaki, Seizo Miyata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

259 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nitrogen-doped carbon-based catalysts are increasingly being studied as Pt-free electrodes for oxygen reduction in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells. Here, we study the oxygen reduction activity of stoichiometric carbon nitride, which has much higher nitrogen content and is synthesized at lower temperatures, without using ionic or metallic iron. Carbon nitride was studied and characterized via X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, BET specific surface area analysis, and thermogravimetric analysis. Rotating electrode voltammetry in oxygen-saturated sulfuric acid was used to determine the catalytic activity. The onset potential for oxygen reduction by carbon nitride electrodes was 0.69 V (vs NHE) compared to 0.45 V for a carbon black reference electrode. However, the current density was low, possibly due to the low surface area of the material. Blending the carbon nitride with a high surface area carbon black support resulted in a significant improvement in current density and in an increase in onset potential to 0.76 V. The role of surface area was elucidated via cyclic voltammetry. This work confirms that stoichiometric carbon nitride has improved inherent oxygen reduction activity compared to pure carbon, and suggests that Fe coordination sites are not essential for electrochemical oxygen reduction in nitrogen-containing carbon materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20148-20151
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume113
Issue number47
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 8 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

carbon nitrides
Carbon nitride
Oxygen
catalysts
Catalysts
oxygen
carbon
Soot
Electrodes
Nitrogen
Carbon
electrodes
Carbon black
nitrogen
Current density
current density
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Voltammetry
sulfuric acid
Sulfuric acid

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Lyth, S. M., Nabae, Y., Moriya, S., Kuroki, S., Kakimoto, M. A., Ozaki, J. I., & Miyata, S. (2009). Carbon nitride as a nonprecious catalyst for electrochemical oxygen reduction. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 113(47), 20148-20151. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp907928j

Carbon nitride as a nonprecious catalyst for electrochemical oxygen reduction. / Lyth, Stephen Matthew; Nabae, Yuta; Moriya, Shogo; Kuroki, Shigeki; Kakimoto, Masa Aki; Ozaki, Jun Ichi; Miyata, Seizo.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 113, No. 47, 08.12.2009, p. 20148-20151.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lyth, SM, Nabae, Y, Moriya, S, Kuroki, S, Kakimoto, MA, Ozaki, JI & Miyata, S 2009, 'Carbon nitride as a nonprecious catalyst for electrochemical oxygen reduction', Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 113, no. 47, pp. 20148-20151. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp907928j
Lyth, Stephen Matthew ; Nabae, Yuta ; Moriya, Shogo ; Kuroki, Shigeki ; Kakimoto, Masa Aki ; Ozaki, Jun Ichi ; Miyata, Seizo. / Carbon nitride as a nonprecious catalyst for electrochemical oxygen reduction. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2009 ; Vol. 113, No. 47. pp. 20148-20151.
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