Carbon waste powder prepared from carbon rod waste of zinc-carbon batteries for methyl orange adsorption

Fitria Rahmawati, Viona Natalia, Agung T. Wijayanta, Koji Nakabayashi, Jin Miyawaki, Siti Rondiyah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A research on the preparation of Carbon Waste Powder, CWP, was conducted and made from carbon rod waste which was extracted from used zinc-carbon batteries. This research was an effort to over-come environmental problem caused by battery waste by converting into adsorbent for methyl orange (MO) that frequently used by textile industries. The prepared powder was then analyzed to understand its characteristic peaks, crystallinity, and to compare the properties with other carbonaceous forms, i.e. a commercial Carbon Paper (CP), and a commercial meso- carbon micro-beads (MCMB). The analysis found that CWP is dominated by graphitic carbon. An adsorption experiment was then conducted to study their adsorption ability to methyl orange solution. The result found that those three carbona-ceous materials have the ability to adsorb methyl orange with different activities. MCMB has the high-est adsorption capacity of 0.197 mg.g-1. Meanwhile, CWP and CP show adsorption capacity of 0.066 mg.g-1 and 0.062 mg.g-1, respectively. Methyl orange adsorption on CWP and CP were under second or-der, which means the adsorption could be four times faster as the MO solution doubled. Moreover, the rate constant of MO adsorption on CWP is 8×10-4 min-1, which was higher than the rate constant of MO adsorption on CP. It confirmed that the CWP can be used as a promising adsorbent for dye waste wa-ter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-73
Number of pages8
JournalBulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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