Carbon/Sulfur Composites Stabilized with Nano-TiNi for High-Performance Li-S Battery Cathodes

Yuepeng Pang, Ying Xu, Yongtao Li, Fen Xu, Lixian Sun, Junhe Yang, Haiwen Li, Shiyou Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work we proposed a novel strategy to prepare high-performance Li-S battery cathodes by nano-TiNi synergistically stabilizing C/S composites, whereby the TiNi/C/S hybrid composites were synthesized by infusing S gas into carbon black (CB) and nano-TiNi composites in vacuum. After several initial conditioning charge/discharge cycles, this unique TiNi/C/S hybrid nanocomposite cathode shows a high capacity (300 mAh/g based on total and 960 mAh/g based on S) with Coulombic efficiency of near 100% at 100 mA/g for around 300 cycles without obvious capacity decay. Due to its high electronic/ionic conductivity, the TiNi/C/S nanocomposite can retain an overall capacity of 150 mAh/g (480 mAh/g based on S) even at a higher current density of 10.0 A/g, demonstrating the outstanding rate capability. The exceptional performance of TiNi/C/S cathode can be ascribed to (i) the strong interactions between nano-TiNi and S to form metal disulfide clusters, (ii) the CB percolating throughout the composite to prevent nano-TiNi and metal sulfides particles from aggregating into large particles during lithiation/delithiation, (iii) the good electronic conductivity of TiNi and CB to facilitate transportation of electrons, and (iv) the flexibility of CB and TiNi alloy to accommodate large volumetric change during lithiation/delithiation. These synergistic interactions among TiNi, C and S provide a new material design strategy to achieve high overall performance of S cathodes for Li-S batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1537-1543
Number of pages7
JournalACS Applied Energy Materials
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 25 2019

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Soot
Carbon black
Sulfur
Cathodes
Carbon
Composite materials
Nanocomposites
Metals
Sulfides
Ionic conductivity
Disulfides
Current density
Gases
Vacuum
Lithium sulfur batteries
Electrons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Carbon/Sulfur Composites Stabilized with Nano-TiNi for High-Performance Li-S Battery Cathodes. / Pang, Yuepeng; Xu, Ying; Li, Yongtao; Xu, Fen; Sun, Lixian; Yang, Junhe; Li, Haiwen; Zheng, Shiyou.

In: ACS Applied Energy Materials, Vol. 2, No. 2, 25.02.2019, p. 1537-1543.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pang, Yuepeng ; Xu, Ying ; Li, Yongtao ; Xu, Fen ; Sun, Lixian ; Yang, Junhe ; Li, Haiwen ; Zheng, Shiyou. / Carbon/Sulfur Composites Stabilized with Nano-TiNi for High-Performance Li-S Battery Cathodes. In: ACS Applied Energy Materials. 2019 ; Vol. 2, No. 2. pp. 1537-1543.
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