Cardiac robustness regulated by reactive sulfur species

Akiyuki Nishimura, Tomohiro Tanaka, Yuri Kato, Kazuhiro Nishiyama, Motohiro Nishida

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The human myocardium contains robust cells that constantly beat from birth to death without being replaced, even when exposed to various environmental stresses. Myocardial robustness is thought to depend primarily on the strength of the reducing power to protect the heart from oxidative stress. Myocardial antioxidant systems are controlled by redox reactions, primarily via the redox reaction of Cys sulfhydryl groups, such as found in thioredoxin and glutathione. However, the specific molecular entities that regulate myocardial reducing power have long been debated. Recently, reactive sulfide species, with excellent electron transfer ability, consisting of a series of multiple sulfur atoms, i.e., Cys persulfide and Cys polysulfides, have been found to play an essential role in maintaining mitochondrial quality and function, as well as myocardial robustness. This review presents the latest findings on the molecular mechanisms underlying mitochondrial energy metabolism and the maintenance of quality control by reactive sulfide species and provides a new insight for the prevention of chronic heart failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Volume70
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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