Cardiotonic actions of quercetin and its metabolite tamarixetin through a digitalis-like enhancement of Ca2+ transients

Kengo Hayamizu, Sachio Morimoto, Miki Nonaka, Sumio Hoka, Toshiyuki Sasaguri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The plant-derived flavonoid, quercetin (QCT), has many biological actions, including cardioprotective actions, resulting from its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, effects of QCT and its metabolites on the contraction and Ca2+ transients (CaT) of mouse single cardiomyocytes were simultaneously measured and compared with those of isoproterenol and digoxin. Furthermore, cardiac function and plasma concentrations were analyzed after bolus intravenous administration of QCT in mice. QCT and its metabolite, tamarixetin, as well as isoproterenol and digoxin, enhanced the contraction and CaT of cardiomyocytes. The inotropic action of isoproterenol was accompanied by an increase in the velocities of sarcomere shortening and relengthening and CaT decay through activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase; however, no such lusitropic effects accompanied the inotropic action of QCT, tamarixetin or digoxin. Intravenous administration of QCT to mice resulted in a sustained increase in cardiac systolic function; QCT was rapidly metabolized to tamarixetin and its plasma concentration was maintained at high levels over a similar time frame as the enhancement of cardiac systolic function. These results suggest that QCT exerts a cardiotonic action in vivo at least, in part, through digitalis-like enhancement of CaT by itself and its metabolite tamarixetin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-47
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume637
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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