Ca2+ signaling and STIM1

Tomohiro Kurosaki, Yoshihiro Baba

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An increase in the intracellular calcium ion concentration ([Ca2+]) impacts a diverse range of cell functions, including adhesion, motility, gene expression and proliferation. Elevation of intracellular calcium ion (Ca2+) regulates various cellular events after the stimulation of cells. Initial increase in Ca2+ comes from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), intracellular storage space. However, the continuous influx of extracellular Ca2+ is required to maintain the increased level of Ca2+ inside cells. Store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) manages this process, and STIM1, a newly discovered molecule, has a unique and essential role in SOCE. STIM1 can sense the exhaustion of Ca2+ in the ER, and activate the SOC channel in the plasma membrane, leading to the continuous influx of extracellular Ca2+. STIM1 senses the status of the intracellular Ca2+ stores via a luminal N-terminal Ca2+-binding EF-hand domain. Dissociation of Ca2+ from this domain induces the clustering of STIM1 to regions of the ER that lie close to the plasma membrane, where it regulates the activity of the store-operated Ca2+ channels/entry (calcium-release-activated calcium channels/entry). In this review, we summarize the mechanism by which STIM1 regulates SOCE, and also its role in the control of mast cell functions and allergic responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-58
Number of pages8
JournalProgress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
Volume103
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Biophysics

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