Fibroblasts isolated from jaw cysts expressed calcium-sensing receptor (CasR). In the fibroblasts elevated extracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]o) increased fluo-3 fluorescence intensity, and the production of inositol(1,4,5)trisphosphate and active protein kinase C. Phospholipase C inhibitor U-73122 attenuated the Ca2+-induced increase in fluo-3 fluorescence intensity. Elevated [Ca2+]o enhanced the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) mRNA and protein, and the secretion of prostaglandin E2 in the fibroblasts. CasR activator neomycin also increased the expression of COX-2 mRNA, and U-73122 attenuated the Ca2+-induced expression of COX-2 mRNA. Elevated [Ca2+]o-induced phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase-1/2 (ERK1/2), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and U-73122 inhibited the Ca2+-induced phosphorylation. The inhibitors for each kinase, PD98059, SB203580, and SP600125, attenuated the Ca2+-induced expression of COX-2 mRNA. These results suggest that in jaw cyst fibroblasts elevated extracellular Ca2+ may enhance COX-2 expression via the activation of ERK1/2, p38 MAPK, and JNK through CasR.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 29 2006|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology