Catalytic activity of pitch-based activated carbon fiber of large surface area heat-treated at high temperature and its regeneration for NO-NH3 reaction at ambient temperatures

Isao Mochida, Shizuo Kawano, Noriaki Shirahama, Takashi Enjoji, Seung Hyun Moon, Kinya Sakanishi, Yozo Korai, Akinori Yasutake, Masaaki Yoshikawa

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Abstract

The catalytic activity of a pitch-based activated carbon fiber (ACF) of very large surface area (OG-20A) was studied for NO-NH3 reaction in a flow reactor at ambient temperatures. The ACF exhibited the highest activity in wet as well as dry gas among heat-treated ACFs so far examined by the present authors. The calcination at 1100°C was essential to exhibit the highest activity especially in wet gas. Although high humidity always retarded the reaction very markedly, its retardation was very much emphasized against NO of low concentration around 10 ppm. Sufficient amount of OG-20A-H1100 (3 g) allowed complete removal of 10-200 ppm NO by reduction and adsorption for initial 6 h even at least in wet gas at 25-30°C depending on NO concentration. The removal conversion decreased gradually for several hours following to the stationary one. The reactivity of adsorbed NO and NH3 was examined in air to regenerate the period of complete NO removal over the ACF. The regeneration at 30°C was found optimum after the removal reaction at 25 or 30°C to provide the same period of complete removal by 3 h, leaking minimum amounts of adsorbed NO and NH3. A higher reaction temperature of 35°C shortened the period of complete NO removal, and the successive regeneration at 30°C by 3 h failed in the complete NO removal in the second run. Oxygen appears necessary to regenerate the activity through enhancing the reaction of adsorbed NO and NH3. NH3 in the regeneration gas appears to inhibit the reaction of adsorbed species, increasing NH3 leak.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2227-2233
Number of pages7
JournalFuel
Volume80
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2001

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

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