A surfactant-horseradish peroxidase (HRP) complex that is catalytically active in organic media has been successfully prepared by a method utilizing water-in-oil (W/O) emulsions. To optimize conditions for preparation of the HRP complex, the effects of some key parameters in the aqueous phase of W/O emulsions were investigated. The surfactant-HRP complex prepared with a nonionic surfactant exhibited a high catalytic activity compared to those with a cationic or anionic surfactant in anhydrous benzene. At the preparation step, the pH of the aqueous solution had a prominent effect on the enzymatic activity of the HRP complex in organic media. Several kinds of salts present in the HRP complex could be employed to enhance the catalytic performance in organic media. However, anionic ions present in the preparation process appeared to lower the catalytic activity owing to the complexation with heme iron. UV-visible absorption spectra of the HRP complex in benzene, which were prepared from a KCN solution (pH 7.0) or an alkaline solution (pH 12), were comparable with those of native HRP in aqueous solution under the same conditions. Resonance Raman spectroscopic studies also revealed that no significant change in the coordination state of the heme iron occurred even after coating the enzyme with surfactant molecules, lyophilization, and solubilization in nonaqueous media.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes