This work presents the selective production of the versatile bio-based platform levoglucosenone (LGO) using deep eutectic solvents (DESs) as catalysts during cellulose pyrolysis. Among 18 types of DESs examined, those containing p-toluenesulfonic acid as a hydrogen bond donor possessed the requisite thermal stability for use in the pyrolysis of cellulose. When those DESs were combined with cellulose, the pyrolysis temperature could be reduced which led to greater selectivity for LGO, the highest yield being 41.5% on a carbon basis. Because of their thermal stability, the DESs could be recovered from the pyrolysis residue and reused. The DESs recovery reached 97.9% in the pyrolysis at a low temperature with the LGO yield of 14.0%. Thus, DES-assisted cellulose pyrolysis is a promising methodology for LGO production.
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2022|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Waste Management and Disposal