Catalytic roles of active-site amino acid residues of coenzyme B 12-dependent diol dehydratase: Protonation state of histidine and pull effect of glutamate

Takashi Kamachi, Tetsuo Toraya, Kazunari Yoshizawa

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38 Citations (Scopus)


The hydrogen abstraction and the OH migration processes catalyzed by diol dehydratase are discussed by means of a quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical method. To evaluate the push effect of His143 and the pull effect of Glu 170, we considered three kinds of whole-enzyme model, the protonated and two unprotonated His143 models. A calculated activation energy for the hydrogen abstraction by the adenosyl radical is 15.6 (13.6) kcal/mol in the protonated (unprotonated) His143 model, QM/MM calculational results show that the mechanism of the OH migration is significantly changed by the protonation of His143. In the protonated His143 model, the OH group migration triggered by the full proton donation from the imidazolium to the migrating OH group occurs by a stepwise OH abstraction/re-addition process in which the water production reduces the barrier for the C-O bond cleavage. On the other hand, the OH migration in the unprotonated His143 model proceeds in a concerted manner, as we previously proposed using a simple model including only K+ ion and substrate. The latter mechanism seems to be kinetically more favorable from the calculated energy profiles and is consistent with experimental results. The activation barrier of the OH group migration step is only 1.6 kcal/mol reduced by the hydrogen-bonding interaction between the O2 of the substrate and unprotonated His143. Thus, it is predicted that His143 is not protonated, and therefore the main active-site amino acid residue that lowers the energy of the transition state for the OH group migration is determined to be Glu170.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16207-16216
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number49
Publication statusPublished - Dec 15 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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