Catalytic steam gasification of waste palm tree trunk derived Bio-Char

Nor Azizi, Young Kwang Kim, Jin Miyawaki, Isao Mochida, Seong Ho Yoon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Catalytic steam gasification of Malaysia Waste Palm Tree Trunk Derived Bio-char was studied using alkali metal carbonate (K2CO3) supported perovskite oxide catalysts which showed a favor catalytic activity in the carbon combustion. The bio-char steam gasification reactions were carried out using a fixed reactor under a steam atmosphere with different catalysts, such as K2CO3/LaMn0.8Cu0.2O3, K2CO3/Alumina, Nikel/LaMn0.8Cu0.2O3, Nikel/Alumina, and Alumina, respectively. The effects of temperature, catalyst support and catalysts mixing ratio on the syngas compositions and carbon conversion were carefully investigated. The syngas compositions were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC). K2CO3/LaMn0.8Cu0.2O3 catalyst showed better carbon conversion compared to the other catalysts, which indicated the Perovskite Oxide was more effective as a support for the gasification catalyst. The results showed that the better carbon conversion within short time removed nearly 100% of heavy and light tar.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
Pages252-259
Number of pages8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 24 2013
Event3rd International Conference on Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, ICME 2012 - , Malaysia
Duration: Nov 20 2012Nov 21 2012

Publication series

NameApplied Mechanics and Materials
Volume315
ISSN (Print)1660-9336
ISSN (Electronic)1662-7482

Other

Other3rd International Conference on Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, ICME 2012
CountryMalaysia
Period11/20/1211/21/12

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Azizi, N., Kim, Y. K., Miyawaki, J., Mochida, I., & Yoon, S. H. (2013). Catalytic steam gasification of waste palm tree trunk derived Bio-Char. In Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering (pp. 252-259). (Applied Mechanics and Materials; Vol. 315). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.315.252