Background: Cathepsin K (CTSK), a cysteine protease with strong collagenolytic properties, is involved in extracellular matrix turnover. In the previous studies, CTSK expression was detected in peritumoral fibroblasts (Fbs) around squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), but not in those surrounding benign epidermal tumors. However, the mechanism governing CTSK expression in epidermal tumors remains unclear. Objective: To study the regulatory mechanisms of fibroblastic CTSK expression in the SCC-stromal interaction. Methods: We examined dynamic interactions of Fbs with tumorigenic SCC cells (A431 and A253) or normal human keratinocytes. Results: SCC cells and normal keratinocytes did not synthesize CTSK, while Fbs constitutively expressed CTSK. When cocultured, SCC cells upregulated fibroblastic CTSK expression more potently than did normal keratinocytes, which was mainly attributable to SCC-derived IL-1α. Coculturing Fbs with SCC cells significantly augmented the matrigel invasive ability of SCC cells, which was downregulated when cocultured with CTSK knockdown Fbs or in the presence of neutralizing anti-IL-1α antibody. Conclusion: The CTSK-upregulated Fbs generated by SCC-derived IL-1α may play a crucial role in the progression and invasion of SCC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology