Cathepsin K-upregulation in fibroblasts promotes matrigel invasive ability of squamous cell carcinoma cells via tumor-derived IL-1α

Lining Xie, Yoichi Moroi, Sayaka Hayashida, Gaku Tsuji, Satoshi Takeuchi, Baoen Shan, Takeshi Nakahara, Hiroshi Uchi, Masakazu Takahara, Masutaka Furue

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Background: Cathepsin K (CTSK), a cysteine protease with strong collagenolytic properties, is involved in extracellular matrix turnover. In the previous studies, CTSK expression was detected in peritumoral fibroblasts (Fbs) around squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), but not in those surrounding benign epidermal tumors. However, the mechanism governing CTSK expression in epidermal tumors remains unclear. Objective: To study the regulatory mechanisms of fibroblastic CTSK expression in the SCC-stromal interaction. Methods: We examined dynamic interactions of Fbs with tumorigenic SCC cells (A431 and A253) or normal human keratinocytes. Results: SCC cells and normal keratinocytes did not synthesize CTSK, while Fbs constitutively expressed CTSK. When cocultured, SCC cells upregulated fibroblastic CTSK expression more potently than did normal keratinocytes, which was mainly attributable to SCC-derived IL-1α. Coculturing Fbs with SCC cells significantly augmented the matrigel invasive ability of SCC cells, which was downregulated when cocultured with CTSK knockdown Fbs or in the presence of neutralizing anti-IL-1α antibody. Conclusion: The CTSK-upregulated Fbs generated by SCC-derived IL-1α may play a crucial role in the progression and invasion of SCC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-50
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Dermatological Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2011


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology

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