Cationic lipid content in Liposome-encapsulated nisin improves sustainable bactericidal activity against Streptococcus mutans

Kazuo Yamakami, Hideaki Tsumori, Yoshitaka Shimizu, Yutaka Sakurai, Kohei Nagatoshi, Kenji Sonomoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An oral infectious disease, dental caries, is caused by the cariogenic streptococci Streptococcus mutans. The expected preventive efficiency for prophylactics against dental caries is not yet completely observed. Nisin, a bacteriocin, has been demonstrated to be microbicidal against S. mutans, and liposome-encapsulated nisin improves preventive features that may be exploited for human oral health. Here we examined the bactericidal effect of charged lipids on nisin-loaded liposomes against S. mutans and inhibitory efficiency for insoluble glucan synthesis by the streptococci for prevention of dental caries. Cationic liposome, nisin-loaded dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine/phytosphingosine, exhibited higher bactericidal activities than those of electroneutral liposome and anionic liposome. Bactericidal efficiency of the cationic liposome revealed that the vesicles exhibited sustained inhibition of glucan synthesis and the lowest rate of release of nisin from the vesicles. The optimizing ability of cationic liposomeen capsulated nisin that exploit the sustained preventive features of an anti-streptococcal strategy may improve prevention of dental caries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)360-366
Number of pages7
JournalOpen Dentistry Journal
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

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