The risk of xenozoonosis infections poses the greatest obstacle against the clinical application of a hybrid artificial liver support system (HALSS). Primary human hepatocytes are an ideal source for HALSS, but the shortage of human livers available for hepatocyte isolation limits this modality. To resolve this issue, we previously demonstrated the upregulation of hepatocyte-specific function by spheroid formation in polyurethane foam and by culturing with the histone deacetylase inhibitor, trichostatin A (TSA), in a human hepatoma cell line (Huh 7). In this article we analyze the gene expression profile using cDNA microarray (1281 genes) in spheroid formation or culturing with TSA in Huh 7 to determine the target genes in hepatocyte differentiation. In both the spheroid formation and in the culture with TSA, the Oct-3/4 transcription factor was upregulated more than twofold, while the early growth response-1 (EGR-1) transactivator was downregulated less than 0.5-fold. These results indicate that expressions of Oct-3/4 and EGR-1 may be key factors in the induction of hepatocyte differentiation in Huh 7.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Cell Biology