Buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) is a synthetic amino acid that irreversibly inhibits glutathione biosynthesis and deranges reduced glutathione (GSH) metabolism in liver cells. We isolated two BSO-resistant lines, HLE/BSO2-1 and HLE/BSO2-2, from human hepatic HLE/WT cells. Cellular levels of the P(i) class glutathione thiol transferase (GSTP1) were 3-fold lower in BSO-resistant lines than in HLE/WT cells. By contrast, γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase (GCS) heavy subunit (GCSh) mRNA levels were markedly decreased in HLE/BSO2-1 and HLE/BSO2-2 as compared with HLE/WT. The expression of a dominant-negative mutant of c-Jun inhibited the GCSh promoter activity in HLE/WT, but not in HLE/BSO2-1. Cellular levels of AP-1, however, were not decreased in either BSO-resistant cell line. Transfection of GCSh promoter of various lengths driven reporter constructs showed no sequence-specific increase in the promoter activities in HLE/BSO2-1. However, transfection of GSTP1 cDNA into HLE/BSO2-1 and HLE/BSO2-2 restored the levels of GCSh mRNA and the GCSh promoter activity to those of HLE/WT. Sequences between -315 and -241 bp of the 5' region contained an AP-1 site responsible for the enhanced GCSh promoter activity in GSTP1 transfectants of HLE/BSO2-1. In vivo footprint analysis showed a specific protection of the AP-1 site on GCSh promoter in GSTP1 transfected HLE/BSO2-1. GSH homeostasis thus appears to be maintained by an interaction between GSTP1 and GCS in human hepatic cells resistant to the GSH poison. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology